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Calder

On View
Oct 5 – Nov 20, 2021
Seoul
Exhibition Details:

Calder
Oct 5 – Nov 20, 2021

Gallery:

2/3F, 267 Itaewon-ro
Yongsan-gu
Seoul

Press:

Press Release

Connect:

@calderfoundation
@pacegallery

Above: Alexander Calder, Untitled, 1963 © 2021 Calder Foundation / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York

Best known for his mobiles, which transformed the modern conception of sculpture, Calder is widely regarded as one of the most important artists of the 20th century.

Featuring eight sculptures, ten works on paper, and one painting, this show marks the gallery’s first presentation dedicated to Calder’s work since the opening of its New York space at 540 West 25th Street in 2019.

The presentation in Seoul features a selection of sculptures created by Calder over the course of three decades. It includes quintessential hanging mobiles such as Untitled (1969) and Untitled (1963) as well as the stabiles Les Arêtes de poisson (maquette, 1965) and Gwenfritz (1:5 intermediate maquette, 1968), one of the models for Calder’s 35-foot-tall sculpture outside the Smithsonian National Museum of American History in Washington, D.C. Also included in the exhibition is the magnificent standing mobile Franji Pani (1955), made during Calder’s two-month trip to India, where he realized a series of sculptures at the behest of architect and collector Gira Sarabhai in exchange for a tour around the country.

The exhibition centers on ten vibrant works on paper, which represent a lesser known but significant aspect of the artist’s practice. The ink and gouache paintings in this presentation date to the 1960s and 1970s, ranging from works punctuated by dynamic black lines that bleed into variously colored backgrounds to those with starkly rendered spirals and geometric forms that visually echo his sculptural practice. The collector and art historian Jean Lipman wrote that this medium, which Calder focused on in his later years, suited the artist’s “high-spirited, rapid, and spontaneous expression.”

Another highlight of the exhibition is Calder’s oil painting The Black Moon (1964), which sets a crescent and a series of circles against a dreamy background of soft gray and yellow tones. The composition also features a large white spherical shape, whose blue outlines suggest a third dimension beyond the canvas. Notably, Calder’s first truly abstract works of art were part of a series of small oils made in the wake of a transformative visit to Piet Mondrian’s studio in October 1930. Calder was deeply impressed by the spatial dynamics of the studio, later writing that the visit “gave me a shock that started things.”

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Alexander Calder

Best known for his creation of the mobile, Alexander Calder is one of the most influential artists of the twentieth century. Calder was born in 1898, the second child of artist parents—his father was a sculptor and his mother a painter. In his mid-twenties, he moved to New York City, where he studied at the Art Students League and worked at the National Police Gazette, illustrating sporting events and the Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus. Shortly after his move to Paris in 1926, Calder created his Cirque Calder (1926–31), a complex and unique body of art. It wasn’t long before his performances of the Cirque captured the attention of the Parisian avant-garde.

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