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Pablo Picasso, Jacqueline with Flowers / Jacqueline aux Fleurs, June 2, 1954, oil on canvas, 45-11/16" x 34-13/16" (116 cm x 88.4 cm) © 2019 Estate of Pablo Picasso / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York

Pablo Picasso

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b. 1881, Malaga, Spain
d. Mougins, France

Pablo Picasso was perhaps the most influential artist of the 20th century.

Though Spanish, Picasso worked mainly in France, and his first mature phase in Paris was his Blue Period, followed by the Rose period. With Les Demoiselles D’Avignon, he pioneered the style of Cubism without which modern and contemporary art would be radically different. Another of his most enduring images, the iconic Guernica, immortalizes the brutality of the Spanish Civil War. With Analytic Cubism, Synthetic Cubism, Surrealism, and the incorporation of “primitive” imagery, Picasso and his contemporaries Georges Braque and Marcel Duchamp challenged the trajectory of the arts and rebuilt the context in which future generations of artists practiced.

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Pablo Picasso, Head and Shoulders of a Woman, 1907, charcoal on paper, 24-5/8" × 18-7/8" (62.5 cm × 47.9 cm), Private Collection Courtesy Fundación Almine y Bernard Ruiz-Picasso para el Arte © 2019 Estate of Pablo Picasso / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York

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Pablo Picasso, Couple on the Beach, August 10, 1928, oil on canvas, 16" × 8-1/2" (40.6 cm × 21.6 cm), Private Collection Courtesy Fundación Almine y Bernard Ruiz-Picasso para el Arte © 2019 Estate of Pablo Picasso / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York