Emmet Gowin, Index 19, May 2008, Panama, 2008, digital inkjet print, 14" × 9-5/8" (35.6 cm × 24.4 cm), image, 19" × 13" (48.3 cm × 33 cm), paper © Emmet Gowin Emmet Gowin Detailsb. December 22, 1941 Emmet Gowin received a BFA in Graphic Design from the Richmond Professional Institute (now Virginia Commonwealth University) in 1965 and an MFA in Photography from the Rhode Island School of Design in 1967.He served on the faculty of Princeton University as a professor of photography in the Visual Arts Program from 1973 until his retirement in 2009, and is the recipient of a Guggenheim Fellowship (1974) and two National Endowment for the Arts Fellowships (1977, 1979).For six decades, Gowin has contemplated humanity's relationship to the natural world with visual wonderment. His photographs have evolved from intimate portraits of his wife Edith Morris and extended Virginia family, to aerial vistas of nuclear test sites, to scientific surveys of tropical ecosystems and their dependent biodiversity. He has created formally abstract, luminous compositions of the volcanic devastation of Washington’s Mount St. Helens, the chemical contamination of the Hanford Nuclear Reservation, pivot irrigation agriculture in Kansas, the chemo-petrol industries of the Czech Republic, and most recently, the Spanish province of Granada. Emmet Gowin, Off Road Traffic Pattern along the Northwest Shore of the Great Salt Lake, Utah, 1988, toned gelatin silver print, 9-3/8" × 9-1/2" (23.8 cm × 24.1 cm), image, 11" × 14" (27.9 cm × 35.6 cm), paper © Emmet Gowin Emmet Gowin, Siena, Italy, 1975, gelatin silver print mounted to board, 7-5/8" × 9-5/8" (19.4 cm × 24.4 cm), image and paper, 13-3/8" × 15" (34 cm × 38.1 cm), mount © Emmet Gowin Emmet Gowin, Edith, Chincoteague, Virginia, 1967, gelatin silver print, 6-1/4" × 6-1/8" (15.9 cm × 15.6 cm), image, 10” × 8” (25.4 cm × 20.3 cm), paper © Emmet Gowin Emmet Gowin, Nancy and Dwayne, Danville, Virginia, 1970, gelatin silver print, 6-1/4" × 6-1/4" (15.9 cm × 15.9 cm), image, 8" × 10" (20.3 cm × 25.4 cm), paper © Emmet Gowin Emmet Gowin, Sedan Crater, Northern End of Yucca Flat Looking South, Area 10, Nevada Test Site, 1996, toned gelatin silver print, 14" × 14" (35.6 cm × 35.6 cm), image, 16" × 20" (40.6 cm × 50.8 cm), paper © Emmet Gowin Emmet Gowin, Nancy, Danville, Virginia, 1969, gelatin silver print, 5-1/2" × 7-1/4" (14 cm × 18.4 cm), image, 8" × 10" (20.3 cm × 25.4 cm), paper © Emmet Gowin Emmet Gowin, Alluvial Fan, Natural Drainage near the Yuma Proving Ground and the Arizona-California Border, 1988, toned gelatin silver print, 9-5/8" × 9-1/2" (24.4 cm × 24.1 cm), image, 11" × 14" (27.9 cm × 35.6 cm), paper © Emmet Gowin Emmet Gowin, Old Hanford City Site and the Columbia River, Hanford Nuclear Reservation, near Richland, Washington, 1986, toned gelatin silver print, 9-7/8" × 9-7/8" (25.1 cm × 25.1 cm), image, 14" × 11" (35.6 cm × 27.9 cm), paper © Emmet Gowin Emmet Gowin, El Khazneh from the Siq, Petra, Jordan, 1985, gelatin silver print, 9" x 9" image, 14" x 11" paper © Emmet Gowin Emmet Gowin, Subsidence Craters, Northern End of Yucca Flat, Nevada Test Site, 1996, toned gelatin silver print, 13-7/8" × 13-7/8" (35.2 cm × 35.2 cm), image, 20" × 16" (50.8 cm × 40.6 cm), paper © Emmet Gowin One-Artist Exhibitions Group Exhibitions Public Collections Bibliography: Books Bibliography: Periodicals Awards and Residencies Close Emmet GowinOne-Artist Exhibitions Emmet Gowin One Artist Exhibitions DatesBorn 1941, Danville, Virginia Lives and works in Newtown, PennsylvaniaEducation1965, B.A., Graphic Design, Richmond Professional Institute (Virginia Commonwealth University), Richmond, Virginia1967, M.F.A., Photography, Rhode Island School of Design, Providence, Rhode Island2019Emmett Gowin: Nevada Test Site, Pace & Pace/MacGill Gallery, New York, October 25—December 21, 2019.2017Emmett Gowin: Here on Earth Now—Notes from the Field, Pace/MacGill Gallery, New York, September 28, 2017—January 27, 2018.2015Hidden Likeness: Photographer Emmet Gowin at the Morgan, The Morgan Library and Museum, New York, May 22—September 20, 2015. (Catalogue)2014Emmet Gowin, Fundación Mapfre, Madrid, May 29—January 9, 2013. Traveled to: Fondation Henri Cartier-Bresson, Paris, France, May 14—July 27, 2014; Traveled to: Banco de la República Museum of Modern Art, Bogota, Colombia, 2014.2013Emmet Gowin: Landscapes Andalucía, Pace/MacGill Gallery, New York, November 7, 2013—January 4, 2014.Emmet Gowin, Fundación Mapfre, Madrid, May 29—September 1, 2013. Traveled to: Sala Rekalde, Bilbao, October 24, 2013—January 29, 2014.Emmet Gowin, Jackson Fine Art, Atlanta, Georgia, April 19—July 27, 2013.2012Emmet Gowin: A Life in Photography, The List Gallery, Swarthmore College, Pennsylvania, 2011.2010Emmet Gowin: Beauty is Nothing, Marc Selwyn Fine Arts, Beverly Hills, California, July 13—August 14, 2010.2009Emmet Gowin: Photographs, Pace/MacGill, New York, February 19—March 28, 2009.Emmet Gowin: A Collective Portrait, Princeton University Art Museum, New Jersey, October 24, 2009—February 21, 2010.2006Emmet Gowin: Mariposas / Nocturnas / Edith in Panama, Pace/MacGill Gallery, New York, 2006.2004Emmet Gowin Photographs: 1967—2000, Art Museum, College of Art, Nihon University, Tokyo, 2004.Emmet Gowin: Photographs, University of Virginia Art Museums, The Fralin Museum of Art, Charlottesville, Virginia, 2004.2002Emmet Gowin: Changing the Earth, Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, Connecticut, 2002. Traveled to: Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., October 26, 2002—January 6, 2003; Utah Museum of Fine Arts, Salt Lake City, April 19—July 13, 2003; Yellowstone Art Museum, Billings, Montana, August 23—November 30, 2003; Center for Creative Photography, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, October 13, 2003—January 3, 2004; James A. Michener Art Museum, Doylestown, Pennsylvania, January 10—April 4, 2004; El Paso Museum of Art, El Paso, Texas, May 2—July 18, 2004; Henry Art Gallery, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, August 7—November 7, 2004; Fogg Art Museum, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts,2004—2005. (Catalogue)2001Emmet Gowin: Photographs, Mead Art Museum, Amherst, Massachusetts, 2001.1998Emmet Gowin: Photographs, Pace/Wildenstein/MacGill, New York, 1998.Emmet Gowin: Aerial Photographs, The Art Museum, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey, February 3—March 22, 1998. (Catalogue)1996Emmet Gowin: Photographs from the Pew Fellowship: Jerusalem, Kansas and the Nevada Test Site, Pace/Wildenstein/MacGill, New York, 1996.1994Emmet Gowin: Late 20th Century Landscape Photographs, Pace/MacGill Gallery, New York, 1994.Emmet Gowin/Photographs, Espace Photographie Marie de Paris, 1994.Emmet Gowin Photographs: Landscape In The Nuclear Age, organized by the American Center of the American Embassy and the City of Fukuoka; traveled to: Osaka, Kyoto, Saporo, Yokohama and Tokyo, Japan, 1994.Emmet Gowin: Journey, Jan Kesner Gallery, Los Angeles, 1994.1993Photographs: 1965-1974 and Photographs: 1986-1992, Photo Gallery International, Tokyo, 1993.1990Emmet Gowin/Photographs: This Vegetable Earth Is But A Shadow, The Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia; Traveled to: Detroit Museum of Art, Detroit; Minneapolis Institute of Arts, Minneapolis; Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Richmond; The Friends of Photography, San Francisco; The Los Angeles County Museum of Fine Art, Los Angeles; The Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago; The Columbus Museum of Art, Columbus, Ohio, 1990—1991.1989Emmet Gowin: Aerial Landscapes, Pace/MacGill Gallery, New York, 1989.1986Emmet Gowin: Petra and Mount St Helen's, Pace/MacGill Gallery, New York, January 9—February 15, 1986. (Catalogue)1985Emmet Gowin, Chrysler Museum, Norfolk, Virginia, 1983.1982Emmet Gowin, The Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. 1982.Emmet Gowin, LIGHT Gallery, New York, 1982.1979Emmet Gowin, LIGHT Gallery, New York, 1979.1976Emmet Gowin, LIGHT Gallery, New York, 1976.1974Emmet Gowin, LIGHT Gallery, New York, 1974.1973Emmet Gowin, The Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1973.1972Emmet Gowin, LIGHT Gallery, New York, 1972.1971Emmet Gowin & Robert Adams, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, 1971.Emmet Gowin, The George Eastman House, Rochester, New York, 1971.1969Emmet Gowin, School of the Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, 1969.1968Emmet Gowin, The Dayton Art Institute, Dayton, Ohio, 1968. Emmet GowinGroup Exhibitions Emmet Gowin Group Exhibitions 2020Volcano! Mount St. Helens in Art, Portland Museum of Art, Portland, Oregon, February 8, 2020—January 3, 2021.2019Group Exhibition, Pace/MacGill Gallery, New York, July 16—August 23, 2019.2018Masters of 20th Century American Photography, Etherton Gallery, Tucson, Arizona, June 5—August 31, 2018.PAIRS, Pace/MacGill Gallery, New York, May 10—August 24, 2018.2017Portraits, MAPFRE Foundation, Madrid, June 22—September 3, 2017.2016Make Light of It, Pace/MacGill Gallery, New York, July 7—August 24, 2016.2015Back, Pace/MacGill Gallery, New York, July 18—August 28, 2015.2014Multi Panel, Pace/MacGill Gallery, New York, March 27—June 25, 2014.2013Light Sensitive: Photographic Works from North Carolina Collections, Nasher Museum of Art, Durham, North Carolina, February 14—May 12, 2013.American Vesuvius: The Aftermath of Mount St. Helens: Emmet Gowin and Frank Gohlke, Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, Ohio, January 13—June 2, 2013.2012Gaze, The Changing Face of Portrait Photography, Istanbul Modern, Istanbul, Turkey, October 3—January 20, 2013.Emmet Gowin and His Contemporaries, Dayton Art Institute, Dayton, Ohio, July 22—September 23, 2012.Looking Back at Earth, Hood Museum of Art, Hanover, New Hampshire, July 7—August 26, 2012.Shared Vision: The Sondra Gilman and Celso Gonzalez-Falla Collection of Photography, Aperture Gallery, New York, March 2—April 21, 2012.Manifest Destiny, Northlight Gallery, School of Art Herberger Institute for Design and the Arts, Tempe, Arizona, February 14—19, 2012.2011American Landscape: Contemporary Photographs of the West, Joslyn Art Museum, Omaha, Nebraska, September 17, 2011—January 8, 2012.Nine Visions: Photography with Southern Vision, Danville Museum of Fine Arts & History, Danville, Virginia, September 16—November 13, 2011.The Fleeting Glimpse: Selections in Modern and Contemporary Photography from the Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Richmond, January 15—April 3, 2011.Cinq Étranges Albums De Famille, le Bal, Paris, January 14—April 17, 2011.Southern Views/Southern Photographers, University of Virginia Art Museums, Fralin Museum of Art, Charlottesville, January 14—June 12, 2011.2010Autour de l'extreme, Maison Européenne de la Photographie, Paris, 2010.Beyond Sublime, Joy Pratt Markham Gallery, Walton Arts Center, Fayetteville, Arkansas, 2010.Common Ground: Eight Philadelphia Photographers in the 1960s and 1970s, Philadelphia Museum of Art, 2010.Selections from a Collection, Gitterman Gallery, New York, 2010.Where in the World?, Pace/MacGill Gallery, New York, 2010.2009A Look at Contemporary Art, Artsonje Museum, Gyeongju Bomun, Gyeongju, South Korea, 2009.Emmet and Elijah Gowin, Griffin Museum of Photography, Winchester, Massachusetts, 2009.Emmet & Elijah Gowin, Page Bond Gallery, Richmond, Virginia, 2009.Out of the Box: Photography Portfolios from the Permanent Collection, DeCordova Sculpture Park and Museum, Lincoln, Massachusetts, 2009.Remember? Photographs before Digitization, Picker Art Gallery, Colgate University, Hamilton, New York, 2009.Hide & Seek: Picturing Childhood, Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art, Kansas City, Ohio, September 26, 2009—February 21, 2010.The Private Collection of Fern M. Schad, Rick Wester Fine Art, New York, September 24—October 31, 20092008Remembering Dakota, North Dakota Museum of Art, Grand Forks, North Dakota, June 10—August 10, 2008. Traveled to Chazen Museum of Art, Madison, Wisconsin, 2008.Presumed Innocence: Photographic Perspectives of Children, DeCordova Sculpture Park and Museum, Lincoln, Massachusetts, February 2—April 27, 2008. (Catalogue)2007To Fly, Contemporary Aerial Photography, Boston University Art Gallery, September 7—October 28, 2007.Hot + Bothered: Looking at the Landscape/Thinking about the World, Pace/MacGill Gallery, New York, July 11—August 24, 2007.2006Love Letter Invitational, Second Street Gallery, Charlottesville, Virginia, 2006.25th Anniversary Summer Celebration, Etherton Gallery, Tucson, Arizona, 2006.Imaging A Shattering Earth: Contemporary Photography and The Environmental Debate, Museum of Contemporary Canadian Art, Toronto, April 29—May 28, 2006. Traveled to: Canadian Museum of Contemporary Photography, Ottawa, June 27—October 13, 2008.Multiple Exposures: Highlights from CSULB Special Collections, University Art Museum, Long Beach, California, June 20—August 6, 2006.2005Epilogue, Jackson Fine Art, Atlanta, Georgia, July 15—August 27, 2005.Overhead/Underfoot: The Topographical Perspective in Photography, Whitney Museum of Art, New York, July 1—September 25, 2005.Made in The Shade, Pace/MacGill Gallery, New York, June 27—August 26, 2005.2004In the Center of Things: A Tribute to Harold Jones, Center for Creative Photography, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, April 3—July 18, 2004.The Altered Landscape, Presentation House Gallery, Vancouver, April 10—May 30, 2004.200330 Years: Three Decades of New Art at Second Street Gallery, Second Street Gallery, Charlottesville, Virginia, November 7, 2003—February 1, 2004. (Catalogue)Flesh Tones, 100 Years of the Nude, Robert Mann Gallery, New York, March 7—April 19, 2003.2002Looking at Children, Photographs from the Permanent Collection, Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, Ohio, 2002.2001Human Intervention, Contemporary Landscape Photography, The Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, Ohio, May 26—October 10, 2001.The Model Wife, Maison Européenne de la Photographie, Paris, September 12—November 4, 2001. Traveled to: The Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, Ohio, 2001.2000The Model Wife, Museum of Photographic Arts, San Diego, 2000.Watchful Eyes, Catherine Edelman Gallery, Chicago, July 14—August 31, 2000.1999Camera Obscura, Recontres Internationales de la Photographie, Arles, France, 1999.Fotografie in una collezione private, Museo Cantonale d´Arte, Lugano, Lugano, Switzerland, 1999.Transmutations, Bowdoin College Museum of Art, Brunswick, Maine, 1999.1997Unmapping the Earth ’97, Gwangju Biennale, Gwangju, South Korea, 1997.1996Photography Masterworks of the Select Foundation – The 70s, CACT Centro d´Arte Contemporanea Ticino, Bellinzona, Switzerland, 1996.1995A Child's World, Candace Dwan Gallery, Katonah, New York, 1995.1993Highlights of the Alfred Stieglitz Center Collection of Photographs, Philadelphia Museum of Art, May 7—October 9, 1994.1981Mirrors and Windows, Fundación Juan March, Madrid, 1981.The New Color: A Decade of Color Photography, International Center of Photography, New York, 1981.The 1981 Seattle Arts Commission: Portfolio of Photography, Henry Art Gallery, Seattle, 1981.1971Photographs: Robert Adams and Emmitt Gowin, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, 1971.Photographs of Women, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, 1971. Emmet GowinPublic Collections Emmet Gowin Public Collections Art Institute of Chicago, IllinoisThe Art Museum, Princeton University, Princeton, New JerseyBowdoin College Museum of Art, Brunswick, MaineCenter for Creative Photography, University of Arizona, TucsonCleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, OhioDadum Museum of Contemporary Art, Sedalia, MissouriThe High Museum of Art, Atlanta, GeorgiaThe Israel Museum, Jerusalem, IsraelJ. Paul Getty Museum, Los AngelesThe Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.Los Angeles County Museum of Art, CaliforniaMaier Museum of Art, Randolph-Macon College, Lynchburg, VirginiaMaison Européenne de la Photographie, ParisThe Metropolitan Museum of Art, New YorkMIT List Visual Arts Center, Cambridge, MassachusettsMuseum for Photographic Arts, San Diego, CaliforniaMuseum of Contemporary Art, Columbia College, Chicago, IllinoisThe Museum of Modern Art, New YorkNational Gallery of Canada, Musée des beaux-arts du Canada, OttawaNevada Museum of Art, RenoPhiladelphia Museum of Art, PennsylvaniaThe San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, CaliforniaUniversity of Virginia Art Museums, The Fralin Museum of Art Charlottesville, VirginiaVirginia Museum, Richmond, VirginiaYale University Art Gallery, New Haven, ConnecticutCIBA GIGY Corporation, New YorkHallmark Cards, Inc., Kansas City, MissouriMicrosoft Art Collection, Redmond, Washington Emmet GowinBibliography: Books Emmet Gowin book bibliography 2020Act of Sight: The Tsiaras Family Photography Collection (exhibition catalogue). Waterville, Maine: Colby College Museum of Art, 2020.2019Emmet Gowin: The Nevada Test Site. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 2019.2015Hidden Likeness: Emmet Gowin at the Morgan (exhibition catalogue). New York: The Morgan Library and Museum, 2015.2013Emmet Gowin (exhibition catalogue). Texts by Carlos Gollonet, Keith F. Davis, Emmet Gowin and Carlos Martin Garcia. Paris and Madrid: Éditions Xavier Barral; Fundación Mapfre; New York, NY: Aperture, 2013.2009Gowin, Emmet. Emmet Gowin: A Collective Portrait. Princeton, Pennsylvania: Princeton University Art Museum, 2009.Emmet Gowin: Photographs. Göttingen, Germany: Steidl, 2009.2008Gowin, Emmet and Elijah Gowin. Maggie. Kansas City, Missouri: Tin Roof Press, 2008.Presumed Innocence: Photographic Perspectives of Children (exhibition catalogue). Lincoln, Massachusetts: DeCordova Museum and Sculpture Park, 2008.2006Gowin, Emmet. Mariposas Nocturnas: Edith in Panama. New York: Pace/MacGill Gallery, 2006.2005Baillargeon, Claude, et al. Imaging a Shattering Earth: Contemporary Photography and the Environmental Debate. Rochester, Michigan: Meadow Brook Art Gallery, College of Arts and Sciences, Oakland University, 2005.Gowin, Emmet, et al. Time: Collotype Printing for Fine Art Photography (limited edition of two collotype prints by eight photographers). Kyoto, Japan: Benrido, Inc., 2005.200330 Years: Three Decades of New Art at Second Street Gallery (exhibition catalogue). Charlottesville, Virginia: Second Street Gallery, 2003.2002Reynolds, Jock, Emmet Gowin, et al. Emmet Gowin: Changing the Earth. New Haven, Connecticut: Yale University Press, 2002.1998Emmet Gowin: Aerial Photographs (exhibition catalogue). Princeton, New Jersey: The Art Museum, Princeton University, 1998.1990Gowin, Emmet. Emmet Gowin: Photographs. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Philadelphia Museum of Art, 1990.1986Gowin, Emmet. Petra in the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan (exhibition catalogue). New York: Pace/MacGill Gallery, 1986.1976Gowin, Emmet. Emmet Gowin/Photographs. New York: Knopf, 1976. Emmet GowinBibliography: Periodicals 05-Emmet-Gowin-bib-periodicals.pdf 2020Arn, Jackson. "Emmet Gowin's Photographs of the Nevada Test Site Captured a Beauty that Cannot Be Domesticated by Art" (Pace/MacGill exhibition review). Art in America, 05 February 2020: 84—85. https://www.artnews.com/art-in-america/aia-reviews/emmet-gowin-nevada-test-site-photographs-pace-1202677059/“Spotlight: All Creatures Great and Small” (Pace Gallery online exhibition review). Artforum, 28 April 2020. https://www.artforum.com/spotlight/pace-829352017Scott, Andrea K. "Emmet Gowin's Stunning Celebration of the Lowly Moth" (Pace Gallery exhibition preview). The New Yorker, 3 September 2017. https://www.newyorker.com/culture/photo-booth/emmet-gowins-stunning-celebration-of-the-lowly-mothWiley, Chris. "The Most Intimate Photograph." The New Yorker, 10 January 2017. https://www.newyorker.com/culture/photo-booth/the-most-intimate-photograph2015Blaustein, Jonathan. "Emmet Gowin: Loving the Problem." The New York Times, 14 March 2014. https://lens.blogs.nytimes.com/2014/03/14/emmet-gowin-loving-the-problem/Smith, Roberta. "Review: Emmet Gowin’s Poignant Pairings at the Morgan Library" (Morgan Library & Museum exhibition review). The New York Times, 4 June 2015. https://www.nytimes.com/2015/06/05/arts/design/review-emmet-gowins-poignant-pairings-at-the-morgan-library.html2013"Galleries Uptwon: Emmet Gowin" (Pace/MacGill exhibition review). The New Yorker, 16 December 2013.Lorenci, Miguel. "Emmet Gowin, the magic of the natural" (Mapfre Foundation exhibition review). El Diario Vasco, 28 May 2013. https://www.diariovasco.com/rc/20130528/mas-actualidad/cultura/naturalidad-exposicion-201305281716.html"On view from November 7, 2013 - January 4, 2014 at Pace/MacGill Gallery, New York: 'Emmet Gowin: Landscapes Andalucía'" (Pace/MacGill exhibition preview). TIME Magazine, 2013. https://timelightbox.tumblr.com/post/66316150228/photograph-by-emmet-gowincourtesy-pacemacgill2009"American Beauty." Acne, 2009. Emmet GowinAwards and Residencies Emmet Gowin Awards and Residencies 2006Princeton Behrman Award for Distinguished Achievement in the Humanities, Princeton University, New Jersey, 2016.1997President’s Award for Distinguished Teaching at Princeton University, New Jersey, 1997.1993Pew Fellowship in the Arts, Philadelphia, 1993.1992Friends of Photography Peer Award, Carmel, California, 1992.1983Governor's Award for Excellence in the Arts from the State of Pennsylvania, 1983.Awards in the Visual Arts, Southeastern Center for Contemporary Art, 1983.1980Seattle Arts Commission (one of five photographers to participate in a photographic survey of the State of Washington, leading to a study of Mount Saint Helens), 1980.1979National Endowment for the Arts Fellowship, Congress, Washington, D.C., 1979.1977National Endowment for the Arts Fellowship, Congress, Washington, D.C., 1977.1974John Simon Guggenheim Foundation, New York, 1974.