Leo Villareal, Ellipse, 2017, LEDs, stainless steel, electrical hardware and custom software, 17' 6-3/4" × 10' 7-1/4" × 20' 5-3/4" (535.3 cm × 323.2 cm × 624.2 cm), overall installed © Leo Villareal Leo Villareal Detailsb. 1967, Albuquerque, New MexicoLives in New York, NYConnectvillareal.net Leo Villareal works with pixels and binary code to create complex, rhythmic compositions in light.Firmly rooted in abstraction, his approach uses layered sequencing that results in open-ended and subjective visual experiences. Villareal’s works often reference organic systems and evoke—but do not illustrate—atmospheric elements in that emergent and unexpected behavior occurs without a predetermined outcome.Having come of age during the first generation of home computers, Villareal was equally fascinated by the use of new technological tools and software. His artistic investigation of artificial space led him to explore installation art, creating environments comprised of found objects, video, light, and sound. While at the annual Burning Man festival in the Nevada desert, Villareal’s interest in fragmentation, data, and perspective was materialized in a large light-sequenced landmark. Programmed with a microcontroller, to guide him back to his campsite on the playa, this fundamentally practical invention resulted in mesmerizing patterns visible from miles away, and subsequently became a prototype of his ensuing work connecting software and light.In 2002, Villareal presented his first fully formed LED sculpture, Hexad (2002), in Sculpture Now at the Palm Beach Institute of Contemporary Art, Lake Worth, Florida, demonstrating early experimentation with complex patterns, layering combinations of colors, and light intensity. Villareal’s artistic influences, Dan Flavin, James Turrell, and Sol LeWitt among them, point to his own lineage within Minimalism, Conceptual art, and Post-Painterly Abstraction.In 2003, Villareal produced his first large-scale architectural work, Supercluster, for the group exhibition Signatures of the Invisible at MoMA P.S. 1, New York, in collaboration with CERN, the European Organization for Nuclear Research, Geneva. Comprised of a large grid of LED nodes, the work’s sequenced light pattern was directly inspired by the traffic and movement around the museum’s urban environment. This use of pixels and binary units, which occur in later art works such as Instance (2018), roots Villareal’s practice in the materiality of mechanical reproduction and mass imagery as well as in the art historical context of printmaking and artists Marcel Duchamp, Andy Warhol, and Roy Lichtenstein. Leo Villareal, Large Cloud Drawing 2, 2018, LEDs, custom software, electrical hardware and metal, 68" × 68" (172.7 cm × 172.7 cm), Edition of 3 + 1 AP © Leo Villareal Keeping in dialogue with the communal experience of public art and architecture, Villareal’s The Bay Lights (2013) was installed on the Bay Bridge, San Francisco. Spanning a monumental 1.8-miles across the bridge, the work became an iconic fixture and was inaugurated as a permanent public work in 2016. Villareal’s Illuminated River, set to be the longest public art project in the world, is an integrated composition that introduces abstract patterns of light and color to the bridges of the River Thames. Set in harmony with the individual characteristics of each structure, the work will respond to the city of London and the natural surroundings of currents, tides, and sky. Lighting up to fifteen bridges across 2.5 miles of land, Illuminated River will be on view for at least ten years.Interested in identifying the rules and governing structures of systems, Villareal uses custom, artist-created code to constantly change the frequency, intensity, and patterning of LED lights. For Villareal, the essence and medium of his work is code; light and its phenomenological effect is its visible manifestation. Leo Villareal, Particle Field (Triptych), 2017, OLED monitors, electrical hardware and custom software, 57-1/8" × 97-7/8" × 6-1/2" (145.1 cm × 248.6 cm × 16.5 cm), overall installed,  65" OLED monitors 57-1/8" × 32-5/8" × 6-1/2" (145.1 cm × 82.9 cm × 16.5 cm),  65" OLED monitor, Edition of 5 + 2 APs © Leo Villareal 1/3 Leo Villareal, Particle Field (Triptych), 2017, OLED monitors, electrical hardware and custom software, 57-1/8" × 97-7/8" × 6-1/2" (145.1 cm × 248.6 cm × 16.5 cm), overall installed,  65" OLED monitors 57-1/8" × 32-5/8" × 6-1/2" (145.1 cm × 82.9 cm × 16.5 cm),  65" OLED monitor, Edition of 5 + 2 APs © Leo Villareal 2/3 Leo Villareal, Particle Field (Triptych), 2017, OLED monitors, electrical hardware and custom software, 57-1/8" × 97-7/8" × 6-1/2" (145.1 cm × 248.6 cm × 16.5 cm), overall installed,  65" OLED monitors 57-1/8" × 32-5/8" × 6-1/2" (145.1 cm × 82.9 cm × 16.5 cm),  65" OLED monitor, Edition of 5 + 2 APs © Leo Villareal 3/3 Carousel slide 0 Carousel slide 1 Carousel slide 2 Leo Villareal, Corona, 2018, OLED monitors, custom software and electrical hardware, 57-1/8" × 97-7/8" × 6-1/2" (145.1 cm × 248.6 cm × 16.5 cm), overall installed,  65" OLED monitors 57-1/8" × 32-5/8" × 6-1/2" (145.1 cm × 82.9 cm × 16.5 cm),  65" OLED monitor, Edition of 5 + 2 APs © Leo Villareal Leo Villareal, Evanescence, 2018, OLED monitors, custom software and electrical hardware, 57-1/8" × 97-7/8" × 6-1/2" (145.1 cm × 248.6 cm × 16.5 cm), overall installed,  65" OLED monitors 57-1/8" × 32-5/8" × 6-1/2" (145.1 cm × 82.9 cm × 16.5 cm),  65" OLED monitor, Edition of 5 + 2 APs © Leo Villareal Leo Villareal, Star Ceiling, 2018-19, dimensions variable © Leo Villareal Leo Villareal, Cloud Drawing 4, 2017, LEDs, powder coated steel, electrical hardware and custom software, 52-1/2" × 52-1/2" × 3" (133.4 cm × 133.4 cm × 7.6 cm), Edition of 5 + 1 AP © Leo Villareal Leo Villareal, Instance 3, 2018, LEDs, custom software, electrical hardware, steel, 38-3/8" × 38-3/8" × 2-7/8" (97.5 cm × 97.5 cm × 7.3 cm) © Leo Villareal Leo Villareal, Particle Chamber II, 2017, six-channel digital projection, electrical hardware and custom software, 13' × 17' 1/2" × 15' (396.2 cm × 519.4 cm × 457.2 cm), room, Edition of 3 + 1 AP © Leo Villareal Leo Villareal, Vessel, 2015, LEDs, custom software & electrical hardware, metal armature, white powder coat patina, 38" × 20" (96.5 cm × 50.8 cm), Edition 3 + 1 AP © Leo Villareal Leo Villareal, Radiant Wheel, 2016, LEDs, custom software & electrical hardware, metal armature, gold powder coat patina, 60" (152.4 cm) diameter, Edition of 5 + 1 AP © Leo Villareal Exhibitions View All Palo Alto Leo Villareal Harmony of the Spheres Past Aug 25–Oct 10, 2020 London Leo Villareal Past Nov 22, 2019–Jan 18, 2020 Hong Kong Leo Villareal Escape Velocity Past Jul 20–Sep 7, 2018 Journal View All Artist Projects ASU Art Museum Presents Leo Villareal's "Point Cloud (ASU)" Nov 19, 2020 Videos Leo Villareal Talks to Anne Pasternak May 17, 2020 Artist Projects Leo Villareal installs "Optical Machine I" at The Edition Hotel Nov 26, 2019 One-Artist Exhibitions Group Exhibitions Public Collections Periodicals Books and Catalogues Close Leo VillarealOne-Artist Exhibitions Leo Villareal One-Artist Exhibitions DatesBorn 1967, Albuquerque, New MexicoLives and works in New YorkEducation1990, BA, Yale University, New Haven1994, MPS, Tisch School of the Arts, Interactive Telecommunications Program, New York University2020Leo Villareal: Harmony of the Spheres, Pace Gallery, 229 Hamilton Avenue, Palo Alto, California, August 25–October 10, 2020.2019Leo Villareal, Pace Gallery, London, November 22, 2019–January 18, 2020.Leo Villareal: Early Light, El Paso Museum of Art, Texas, September 27, 2019–April 12, 2020.2018Leo Villareal: Escape Velocity, Pace Gallery, 12/F H Queen’s, 80 Queen’s Road Central, Hong Kong, July 20–September 7, 2018.Leo Villareal: Particle Chamber, Moody Center for the Arts, Rice University, Houston, February 2–December 31, 2018.2017Leo Villareal, Pace Gallery, 537 West 24th Street, New York, May 4–June 17 (extended through August 11), 2017.2016Leo Villareal: Buckyball, Exploratorium, San Francisco, March 5, 2016–February 25. 2018.Leo Villareal: Spacetime, Fused Space, San Francisco, January 21–March 17, 2016.2014Leo Villareal: Buckyball, Sandra Gering Gallery, New York, November 4, 2014–January 10, 2015.2013Leo Villareal: Digital Sublime, Miles C. Horton Jr. Gallery, Center for the Arts at Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, October 28–December 15, 2013.2012Mad. Sq. Art: Leo Villareal: Buckyball, Madison Square Park, New York, October 25, 2012–February 15, 2013. (Catalogue)Leo Villareal: New Work, Conner Contemporary Art, Washington, D.C., May 12–June 30, 2012.2011Leo Villareal: Volume, Gering & López Gallery, New York, May 4–June 25, 2011.2010Leo Villareal: Survey, San Jose Museum of Art, California, August 21, 2010–January 9, 2011. Traveled to: Nevada Museum of Art, Reno, March 5–May 22, 2011; Nerman Museum of Contemporary Art, Overland Park, Kansas, July 22–September 25, 2011; Telfair Museum of Art, Savannah, February 3–June 3, 2012; Madison Museum of Contemporary Art, Wisconsin, September 9–December 30, 2012. (Catalogue)Leo Villareal: Recent Works, Tampa Museum of Art, May 8–October 31, 2010.2009Leo Villareal: Stars, Galería Javier López, Madrid, February 12–April 14, 2009.2008Leo Villareal: New Work, Conner Contemporary Art, Washington, D.C., September 27–December 9, 2008.2007Leo Villareal: New Work, Gering & López Gallery, New York, February 23–April 28, 2007.2006Leo Villareal, Conner Contemporary Art, Washington, D.C., November 3–December 22, 2006.2005Leo Villareal: New Work, Marc Selwyn Fine Art, Beverly Hills, April 30–June 1, 2005.Leo Villareal, Galería Javier López, Madrid, January 14–February 24, 2005.2004Leo Villareal, Conner Contemporary Art, Washington, D.C., May 15–June 26, 2004.Leo Villareal: Chasing Rainbows, Sandra Gering Gallery, New York, February 21–March 20, 2004.2003Leo Villareal, Finesilver/FYI Gallery, San Antonio, Texas, June 27–August 23, 2003.2002Leo Villareal: Digital Light Sculpture, Conner Contemporary Art, Washington, D.C., November 1–December 14, 2002.Leo Villareal, Sandra Gering Gallery, New York, February 22–March 23, 2002. Leo VillarealGroup Exhibitions Leo Villareal Group Exhibitions 2020On View in East Hampton, Pace Gallery, 68 Park Place, East Hampton, New York, July 22–29, 2020.Bright Golden Haze, Oklahoma Contemporary Arts Center, Oklahoma City, March 13, 2020–January 4, 2021.2018Blessed Be: Mysticism Spirituality, and the Occult in Contemporary Art, Museum of Contemporary Art Tucson, Arizona, September 15–December 30, 2018. (Catalogue)Through the Spectrum, Athr Gallery, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, May 28–August 31, 2018.Truth or Dare: A Reality Show, 21c Museum Hotels, Nashville, May 2017–February 2018. Travelled to: 21c Museum Hotels, Cincinnati, September 2018–July 2019. (Brochure)No Spectators: The Art of Burning Man, Renwick Gallery, Smithsonian American Art Museum, Washington D.C., March 30, 2018–January 21, 2019.Principia Mathematica, Pace Gallery, 32 East 57th Street, New York, February 8–March 17, 2018.Island Universe, Brown Foundation Gallery, Moody Center for the Arts, Houston, Texas, February 2–May 19, 2018.2016Artists Choose Artists, Parrish Art Museum, Water Mill, New York, October 30, 2016–January 16, 2017.Into the Ether: Contemporary Light Artists, Dayton Art Institute, Ohio, April 2–June 26, 2016.Intervenciones, Proyecto AMIL, Centro Comerical Camino Real, Lima, January–March 31, 2016.2015Systems and Corruptions, National Exemplar Gallery, New York, December 3, 2015–January 10, 2016.Wonder, Renwick Gallery, Smithsonian American Art Museum, Washington, D.C., November 13, 2015–May 13, 2016. (Catalogue)Luminous Flux 2.0: New + Historic Works from the Digital Art Frontier, Art House, Thoma Foundation, Santa Fe, July 24, 2015–April 30, 2016.2014Spaced Out: Migrations to the Interior, Red Bull Studios, New York, October 9–December 14, 2014.Tracking the Cosmos, Simons Center for Geometry and Physics, Stony Brook University, New York, October 9–November 20, 2014.Luminous Flux, Art House, Santa Fe, September 24, 2014–March 21, 2016.Light Show, Hayward Gallery, London, June 17, 2014–September 7, 2014. Traveled to: Auckland Art Gallery, New Zealand, October 11, 2014–February 8, 2015; Museum of Contemporary Art Australia, Sydney, April 16–July 5, 2015; Sharjah Art Foundation, United Arab Emirates, September 19–December 12, 2015; CorpArtes, Sanitiago, Chile, May 17–September 11, 2016. (Catalogue)1st Bienal Internacional de Arte Contemporáneo Cartagena de Indias, Colombia, February 7–April 7, 2014.2013Light Show, Hayward Gallery, London, January 30–May 6, 2013.2012Extended Minimalism, Galería Javier López, Madrid, October 10, 2012–January 30, 2013.Inquisitive Eyes: El Paso Art 1960–212, El Paso Museum of Art, Texas, June 17–August 26, 2012.Motion and Emotion: Contemporary Art from Gerhard Richter to Chakaia Booker, Bowdoin College Museum of Art, Brunswick, Maine, February 16–June 3, 2012.2011Longitudes de Onda, OTR Espacio de Arte, Madrid, June 29, 2011.Almost Tangible Arario Gallery, Shanghai, June 1–August 21, 2011.RED (Force Fields), David Richard Contemporary, Santa Fe, June 1–26, 2011.Altered States: Jose Alvarez, Yayoi Kusama, Fred Tomaselli and Leo Villareal, Norton Museum of Art, West Palm Beach, Florida, April 2–July 17, 2011.January White Sale, Loretta Howard Gallery, New York, January 13–February 12, 2011.2010Small is Beautiful, Gallery Seomi, Seoul, 2010.Love in Vein: Editions Fawbush Projects and Artists 2005–2010, Gering & López Gallery, New York, November 4–December 23, 2010.Illuminations (After Arthur Rimbaud), Leila Heller Gallery, New York, September 15–November 12, 2010.Sensory Crossovers: Synesthesia in American Art, Albuquerque Museum of Art, August 29, 2010–January 2, 2011. Traveled to: Burchfield Penney Art Center, SUNY Buffalo State, New York, February 11–May 22, 2011. (Catalogue)Multiple Pleasures: Functional Objects in Contemporary Art, Tonya Bonakdar Galery, New York, June 25–June 30, 2010.Contemplating the Void: Interventions in the Guggenheim Museum, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, February 12–April 28, 2010.2009Conversations in Lyrical Abstraction, Conner Contemporary Art, Washington, D.C., September 17–October 31, 2009.2008New Wave Art, Brooklyn Academy of Music, New York, October 4–December 16, 2007.Claiming Space: Mexican Americans in U.S. Cities, Stanlee and Gerald Rubin Center for Visual Arts, University of Texas, El Paso, September 4–December 13, 2008.That Was Then…This is Now, P.S. 1 Contemporary Art Center, Long Island City, New York, June 22–October 5, 2008.2006Contos Dixitais, Centro Galego de Arte Contemporánea, Santiago de Compostela, Spain, December 21, 2006–January 28, 2007. (Catalogue)Lightworks, Galería Javier López, Madrid, November 16, 2006–January 5, 2007.Art in America, Arario Gallery, Seoul, October 17–November 19, 2006.Summer Light, Sandra Gering Gallery, New York, July 7–August 11, 2006.All Digital, Museum of Contemporary Art, Cleveland, January 20–May 7, 2006. (Catalogue)Backdrop, Bloomberg Space, London, January 20–March 18, 2006.2005Extreme Abstraction, Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, New York, July 15–October 2, 2005. (Catalogue)Set and Drift, Governors Island, New York, Summer 2005.op…ish, Sansøn Projects, Boston, June 3–August 5, 2005.Greater New York 2005, P.S. 1 Contemporary Art Center, Long Island City, New York, March 13–September 26, 2005.Visual Music: Synaesthesia in Art and Museum since 1900, Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, February 13–May 22, 2005. Traveled to: Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., June 23–September 11, 2005. (Catalogue)2004Collector’s Cabinet, Mark Selwyn Fine Art, Los Angeles, 2004.Editions Fawbush, Sandra Gering Gallery, December 11, 2004–January 8, 2005.Optimo: Manifestations of Optimism in Contemporary Art, Ballroom Marfa, Texas, April 23–June 27, 2004.Fiction Love: Ultra New Vision in Contemporary Art, Museum of Contemporary Art, Taipei, August 20–October 31, 2004.Summer 2004, Sandra Gering Gallery, New York, July 9–August 13, 2004.Innovate, Marcia Wood Gallery, Atlanta, January 16–February 28, 2004.2003Winter Light, Socrates Sculpture Park, Long Island City, New York, December 2003.After Image, Wood Street Galleries, Pittsburgh, September 1–October 25, 2003.Signatures of the Invisible, P.S. 1 Contemporary Art Center, Long Island City, New York, June 29–September 14, 2003.Into the Gloaming: Light in the Landscape, The Fields Sculpture Park, Ghent, New York, Summer 2003.HDTS 2, High Desert Test Sites, Joshua Tree, California, May 24–25, 2003.2002Optical Optimism, Galerie Simone Stern, New Orleans, 2002.Light x Eight: The Hanukkah Project 2002, Jewish Museum, New York, November 22, 2002–February 2, 2003.Complexity: Art and Complex Systems, Samuel Dorsky Museum of Art, SUNY New Paltz, New York, September 14–November 24, 2002. Traveled to: Texas Fine Arts Association, Austin, 2003; Federal Reserve Board, Washington, D.C., September 26–November 28, 2003.Interstate: Tony Feher, Donald Moffett, Kay Rosen, Leo Villareal, Texas Fine Arts Association / Jones Center for Contemporary Art, Austin, September 14–November 3, 2002.I Just Can’t Pretend, Derek Eller Gallery, New York, July 9–August 2, 2002.Sculpture Now, Palm Beach Institute of Contemporary Art, Lake Worth, Florida, June 29–August 25, 2002.2001Eye Candy, Scott White Contemporary Art, San Diego, 2001.The Next Perfect 10, Sandra Gering Gallery, New York, 2001.Synth, White Columns, New York, 2001.Tirana Biennale 1: Escape, National Gallery and Chinese Pavilion, Tirana, September 15–October 15, 2001. (Catalogue)Art in the Anchorage 18—Massless Medium: Explorations in Sensory Immersion, Brooklyn Bridge Anchorage, New York, Summer 2001.Perfect 10: Ten Years in Soho, Sandra Gering Gallery, New York, March 29–April 21, 2001.2000City of Lights, Hermes Boutique, New York, 2000.Optical Optimism, Galerie Simone Stern, New Orleans, 2000.Collector’s Choice, Exit Art, New York, November 11–December 30, 2000.Rooms for Listening, CCA Wattis Institute for Contemporary Arts, San Francisco, September 5–October 28, 2000.1999The Bunker Project, MTV, New York, December 1999.1997Elsewhere, Thread Waxing Space, New York, February 20–March 15, 1997. Leo VillarealPublic Collections Leo Villareal Public Collections Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, New YorkAmorepacific Museum of Art, SeoulArario Museum, SeoulASU Art Museum, Arizona State University, TempeBlanton Museum of Art, University of Texas, AustinBorusan Center for Culture and Artists, IstanbulBrooklyn Academy of Music, New YorkBrooklyn Museum, New YorkCarl & Marilynn Thoma Art Foundation, Santa FeThe Columbus Museum, GeorgiaCrystal Bridges Museum of American Art, Bentonville, ArkansasHerbert F. Johnson Museum of Art, Cornell University, Ithaca, New YorkLong Museum, ShanghaiMIT List Visual Arts Center, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, CambridgeMoody Center for the Arts, Rice University, HoustonMuseum of Modern Art, New YorkNaoshima Contemporary Art Museum, Kagawa, JapanNational Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.Nerman Museum of Contemporary Art, Overland Park, KansasRochester Institute of Technology, New YorkSan José Museum of Art, CaliforniaSmithsonian American Art Museum, Washington, D.C.Tampa Museum of Art, Florida Leo VillarealPeriodicals Leo Villareal Periodicals 2020Bravo, Tony. “Leo Villareal’s ‘Harmony of the Spheres’ in final week at Pace Gallery in Palo Alto” (Pace Gallery exhibition review). SF Chronicle, 3 October 2020. https://datebook.sfchronicle.com/datebook-pick/leo-villareals-harmony-of-the-spheres-in-final-week-at-pace-gallery-in-palo-alto/ampSamaha, Barry. “State of the Art Industry in the Time of Coronavirus.” Harper’s Bazaar, 7 May 2020. https://www.harpersbazaar.com/culture/art-books-music/a32366408/fine-art-industry-coronavirus/“Palo Alto welcomes renowned Bay Bridge light artist for exclusive new gallery show” (Pace Gallery exhibition review). The Six Fifty, 10 September 2020. https://thesixfifty.com/palo-alto-welcomes-renowned-bay-bridge-light-artist-for-exclusive-new-gallery-show-4b8829cf2cdbVillareal, Leo. “An Interview with Artist Leo Villareal.” Crystal Bridges Museum of American Art, 14 May 2020. https://crystalbridges.org/blog/an-interview-with-artist-leo-villareal/Villareal, Leo. “New Light.” Oklahoma Contemporary, 20 May 2020. https://oklahomacontemporary.org/new-light/2020/05/illuminations-with-leo-villareal2019Allenby, Charlie. “Totally Thames Festival: The Highlights.” Time Out London, no. 2546, September 3–9, 2019: 48–49, illustrated.Anderson, Kelly. “Channel 4 Commissions ‘Illuminated River’ Doc Series.” Realscreen, 24 June 2019. http://realscreen.com/2019/06/24/channel-4-commissions-illuminated-river-doc-series/Duncan, Lewis. “London is only here because of the Thames.” The Developer, 7 May 2019. Online audio, 36:15. https://thedeveloper.live/podcasts/london-is-only-here-because-of-the-thamesHui, Angela. “19 for 2019: 13. Beautiful Lights Are Transforming the Thames.” Time Out London, January 8–14, 2019: 24, illustrated.“Illuminated River: First London bridges lit up.” BBC News, 17 July 2019. https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-england-london-49014165“Illuminated River: The Longest Art Installation in the World.” Dexigner, 24 February 2019. https://www.dexigner.com/news/31833Jhala, Kabir. “It’s Lit: Leo Villareal Illuminates Four London Bridges for World’s Longest Work of Art.” The Art Newspaper, 18 July 2019. https://www.theartnewspaper.com/news/it-s-lit-but-is-it-a-hit-leo-villareal-illuminates-four-london-bridges-for-world-s-longest-artwork-projectKeh, Pei-ru. “River of Light.” Wallpaper* (June 2019): 81–82, illustrated.Kinsella, Eileen. “Artist Leo Villareal’s Massive Cosmic Installation Will Light Up the Armory Show.” Artnet News, 26 February 2019. https://news.artnet.com/market/leo-villareal-digital-installation-armory-show-2019-1475413Malvoisin, Armelle. “8, 3.” Le Quotidien de l’Art, no. 1674, 5 March 2019: 2, illustrated.Manning, James. “The Thames Gets Lit.” Time Out London, 23–29 July 2019: 16, illustrated.Messman, Lauren. “BAM Commissions 4 Public Artworks.” The New York Times, 8 August 2019: C3, illustrated.Morrison, Jonathan. “Radiant river — the team illuminating the Thames.” The Times, 15 July 2019. https://www.thetimes.co.uk/article/radiant-river-the-duo-illuminating-the-thames-9w3rczktqPes, Javier. “Artist Leo Villareal on His Epic Journey to Illuminate 15 London Bridges—and Why It Never Would Have Happened Without Burning Man.” Artnet News, 18 July 2019. https://news.artnet.com/exhibitions/leo-villareal-london-bridges-1602346Porter, Toby. “100 years of footage of life on the Thames has been released to coincide with project to light up the river.” London News Online, 14 August 2019. https://www.londonnewsonline.co.uk/100-years-of-footage-of-life-on-the-thames-has-been-released-to-coincide-with-project-to-light-up-the-river/Spears, Tim. “First phase of illuminated river lights up the Thames in London.” Design Boom, 16 August 2019. https://www.designboom.com/art/first-phase-illuminated-river-thames-london-08-16-2019/Villareal, Leo. “LEO VILLAREAL, deploying technology to engender entrancing light experiences.” CLOT Magazine, 20 September 2019. https://www.clotmag.com/interviews/leo-villareal-deploying-technology-to-engender-entrancing-light-experiences?preview=true&_thumbnail_id=20615Whiting, Sam. “New $1.5 Million LED Light Show at Moscone Center Flashes to Life.” Datebook, 8 February 2019. https://datebook.sfchronicle.com/art-exhibits/new-1-5-million-led-light-show-at-moscone-center-flashes-to-life2018Cheng, Fontaine. “Happening Now at H Queen’s: The Artists Showing at Hong Kong’s Newest Gallery Hub” (Pace Gallery exhibition review). Prestige Online, 8 August 2018. http://prestigeonline.com/hk/art-culture/-/happening-now-h-queens/Deng, Ziyin. “You Ji Er Chou Xiang de Ning Ju Li – Leo Villareal de Guang Ying Zhuang Zhi” (Pace Gallery exhibition review). Artouch.com, 1 August 2018. https://artouch.com/artouch2/content.aspx?aid=2018080110355Dex. Robert. "Thames bridges could become 2.5 mile-long art hotspot in new plans." Evening Standard, 8 May 2018. https://www.standard.co.uk/go/london/arts/thames-bridges-could-become-25-milelong-art-hotspot-in-new-plans-a3833001.htmlFulcher, Merlin. “Competition: River View Pop-up, London.” Architects’ Journal, 8 October 2018. https://www.architectsjournal.co.uk/competitions/competition-river-view-pop-up-london/10035944.articleHarris, Gareth. “Multi-million pound donation gives Illuminated River project the green light for next year.” The Art Newspaper, 27 November 2018. https://www.theartnewspaper.com/news/illuminated-river-project-gets-off-the-ground-with-four-bridges-lit-on-the-thames-next-yearLam, Karl. “Leo Villareal: Escape Velocity” (Pace Gallery exhibition review). Time Out, 2 August 2018. https://www.timeout.com/hong-kong/art/leo-villareal-escape-velocityLempesis, Dimitris. “Art Cities: Hong Kong – Leo Villareal” (Pace Gallery exhibition review). Dream Idea Machine, 8 August 2018. http://www.dreamideamachine.com/en/?p=38809Tommaney, Susie. “Moody Center for the Arts Looks to the Cosmos for Its Spring Show” (exhibition review). Houston Press, 31 January 2018. http://www.houstonpress.com/arts/preview-moody-center-for-the-arts-spring-shows-open-february-2-2018-10153212Wan, Feng. “Tao Yi Su Du Yu Ren Zao Qi Guan” (Pace Gallery exhibition review). Art Collection (September/B 2018): 84–85, illustrated.Zhu, Licai. “Leo Villareal First Exhibition in Asia at Pace Gallery, Hong Kong” (exhibition review). Art Absolute, 1 August 2018. http://www.sohu.com/a/244622227_3064362017Acosta, Dave. “El Paso Visual Artist Awarded Texas Medal of Arts.” El Paso Times, 3 March 2017. http://www.elpasotimes.com/story/entertainment/arts/2017/03/03/el-paso-visual-artist-awarded-texas-medal-arts/98705870/Dent-Brocklehurst, Mollie and Mark Davy. “Future -Pace: In the Blink of an Eye.” Art Premium (Spring 2017): 94–99, illustrated.Dent-Brocklehurst, Mollie and Mark Davy. “Future\Pace: A New Strategic Partnership.” Art Media Agency (Spring 2017): 6–11, illustrated.Evans, Christina Ohly. “Leo Villareal Lights Up New York’s Pace Gallery” (exhibition review). How to Spend It, 4 May 2017. https://howtospendit.ft.com/art/200654-leo-villareal-lights-up-new-york-s-pace-galleryFoxley, David. “The Dallas Cowboys’ New World Headquarters is Game-Changing.” Yahoo Sports, 20 September 2017. https://sports.yahoo.com/dallas-cowboys-world-headquarters-game-152819473.htmlGranberry, Michael. “Dallas Black Dance Theatre, Architect Frank Welch and Light Sculptor Leo Villareal Win Top State Arts Award.” Dallas News, 21 February 2017. http://www.dallasnews.com/arts/arts/2017/02/21/dallas-black-dance-theatre-architect-frank-welch-light-sculptor-leo-villareal-win-top-state-arts-awardRoniger, Taney. “Leo Villareal” (Pace Gallery exhibition review). The Brooklyn Rail, July–August 2017. http://brooklynrail.org/2017/07/artseen/LEO-VILLAREALSimon, Stephanie. “New York Artist Chosen to Illuminate London’s Bridges Puts on Pace Gallery Show” (exhibition review). NY 1, 8 May 2017. Online video, 2:12. http://www.ny1.com/nyc/all-boroughs/arts/2017/05/8/new-york-artist-chosen-to-illuminate-london-s-bridges-puts-on-pace-gallery-show.htmlWeisenstein, Kara. “Leo Villareal's Light Sculptures Have a Mind of Their Own” (Pace Gallery exhibition review). Vice, 8 May 2017. https://creators.vice.com/en_au/article/ypavzm/leo-villareals-light-sculptures-have-a-mind-of-their-own2016“Artist Will Add Colour to London’s Bridges.” The Times, 8 December 2016: 22, illustrated.Brown, Mark. “New York artist gets green light to illuminate London’s bridges.” The Guardian, 7 December 2016. https://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/2016/dec/07/new-york-artist-green-light-to-illuminate-london-bridges-leo-villarealCarlo, Anne-Lise. “Les Habits Neufs de La Lumière.” Le Monde, 29 December 2016: 18, illustrated.Cochran, Sam. “Artist Leo Villareal gives Washington, D.C.’s Renwick Gallery some serious razzle-dazzle.: Architectural Digest 73, no. 3 (March 2016): 142.Dowd, Katie. “Bay Lights are back! Watch the artist reprogram the lights this week.” San Francisco Gate, 18 January 2016. http://www.sfgate.com/bayarea/article/Bay-Lights-are-back-Watch-the-artist-reprogram-6702471.phpGerlis, Melanie. “The Art Market: Estate of the Arts.” Financial Times, 30 September 2016. https://www.ft.com/content/5ec5137e-854b-11e6-8897-2359a58ac7a5Granberry, Michael. “See the Massive LED Sculpture That Will Light Up the Dallas Cowboys’ New Headquarters.” The Dallas Morning News, 4 August 2016.Heathcote, Edwin. “US Artist Leo Villareal Wins Contest to Illuminate London’s Bridges.” Financial Times, 7 December 2016. https://www.ft.com/content/166ef95e-bc74-11e6-8b45-b8b81dd5d080Laffey, Kelly. “Making Monumental: Leo and Yvonne Force Villareal and the Power of Public Art.” Avenue Magazine, 1 December 2016. http://www.avenuemagazine.com/making-monumental-leo-and-yvonne-force-villareal-and-the-power-of-public-art/Rubin, Josh. “Artist Leo Villareal Lights Up San Francisco’s Bay Bridge Permanently.” Cool Hunting, 28 January 2016. http://www.coolhunting.com/culture/leo-villareal-sf-bay-bridge-2016Shea, Christopher D. “London Bridges Plan: A Giant ‘Lava Lamp’?” The New York Times, 9 December 2016: C2, illustrated.Sulcas, Roslyn. "London Bridges Are Lighting Up." The New York Times, 12 November 2016: A15, illustrated.Stott, Rory. “6 Shortlisted Designs Unveiled in London’s Illuminated River Competition.” Arch Daily, 7 November 2016. http://www.archdaily.com/798958/6-shortlisted-designs-unveiled-in-londons-illuminated-river-competitionTalatinian, Leah. “Featured Video: The Light Fantastic in Building E52.” MIT News, 3 February 2017. Online video, 02:38. http://news.mit.edu/2017/featured-video-light-fantastic-in-building-e52-02032015Boyum, Sarah. “Bright Lights.” 5280, 7 May 2015. http://www.5280.com/news/photo-week/digital/2015/05/bright-lightsStudeman, Kristin Tice. “The Art Hotel Opens in Denver.” W, 22 June 2015. http://www.wmagazine.com/culture/travel/2015/06/the-art-hotel-denver-colorado/photos/2014Daly-Peoples, John. “Auckland Art Gallery’s new exhibition sheds light on art” (exhibition review). National Business Review, 15 November 2014. http://www.nbr.co.nz/article/auckland-art-gallerys-new-exhibition-sheds-light-art-jd-165253Egelko, Bob. “Bay Bridge light show will go on.” San Francisco Gate, 17 December 2014. http://www.sfgate.com/bayarea/article/Bay-Bridge-light-show-will-go-on-5964267.phpMcKinney, Sarah. “Impossible Light: How San Francisco’s Bay Bridge Became Illuminated.” Forbes, 29 April 2014. http://www.forbes.com/sites/sarahmckinney/2014/04/29/impossible-light-how-san-franciscos-bay-bridge-became-illuminated/#2eccfc5f9476Small, Rachel. “Smaller, But Still Bigger than a Molecule: Leo Villreal Reveals New Buckyball Works” (Sandra Gering Gallery exhibition review). Observer, 4 November 2014. http://observer.com/2014/11/smaller-but-still-bigger-than-a-molecule-leo-villareal-reveals-new-buckyball-works/2013Davis, Ben. “Exclusive Backstory Behind the Bay Lights: It’s More About the Art than the Tech.” Wired, 27 May 2013.Lewis, Mary Lewis. “A Glittering, Living Canvas.” Wall Street Journal, 2 April 2013. http://on.wsj.com/299D2Vt http://on.wsj.com/299D2VtTucker, Jill. “LED display puts Bay Bridge in new light.” San Francisco Gate, 6 March 2013. http://www.sfgate.com/bayarea/article/LED-display-puts-Bay-Bridge-in-new-light-4331416.phpVillareal, Leo. “Lights, Action Come to the Bay Bridge.” Interview by Andy Jordan. The Wall Street Journal, 20 February 2013. http://www.wsj.com/articles/SB10001424127887324449104578312100833327098Villareal, Leo. “Programming the Sublime: A Conversation with Leo Villareal.” Interview by Jan Garden Castro. Sculpture 32, no. 9 (November 2013): 30–37, illustrated.Wollan, Malia. “Long Stuck in Obscurity, Bay Bridge Will Go from Drab Gray to Glowing.” The New York Times, 5 March 2013: A17.2012Capps, Kriston. “’Leo Villareal: the real painter of light” (Conner Contemporary Art exhibition review). Washington City Paper, 1 June 2012.Fisher, Adam. “Bright Idea.” The New York Times, 29 November 2012, illustrated.Haden-Guest, Anthony. “Bucky and the Burner: Leo Villareal is Lighting Up Bew York and San Francisco with Massive, Glowing, LED-Tube Artworks.” New York Observer, 30 July 2012.Koh, Daveen. “Black Holes and Resolutions.” Cornell Daily Sun, 24 October 2012.Miller, Leigh Anne. “Leo Villareal Lights Up Underground.” Art in America, 15 October 2012. http://www.artinamericamagazine.com/news-features/news/leo-villareal-subway/Sharpe, Katherine. “Everything Will Be illuminated: Artist to Cover Bay Bridge in Programmable LEDs.” Wired 29 May 2012. http://www.wired.com/2012/05/bay-lights/Vogel, Carol. “Geometry in the Park.” The New York Times, 29 June 2012.2011Cochran, Sam. “Bedazzled: Leo Villareal turns LEDs into shining sculpture.” Architectural Digest 68, no. 5 (May 2011): 56.Johnson, Ken. “Leo Villareal: ‘Volume’” (Gering & López Gallery exhibition review). The New York Times, 17 June 2011: C27.Miller, Geralda. “Luring with Light.” Reno Gazette-Journal, 13 March 2011.2010Baker, Kenneth. “San Jose museum sheds light on Leo Villareal” (exhibition review). San Francisco Chronicle, 17 September 2010: F1.McKeough, Tim. “On the Bright Side: Painting Architecture with Light, An Artist Programs the Next Wave of Abstract Art.” Surface Magazine, no. 82, 6 May 2010: illustrated.Terdiman, Daniel. “When LEDs and math equal high art.” CNET, 22 September 2010. http://www.cnet.com/news/when-leds-and-math-equal-high-art/Villareal, Leo. “The Essence of Light: Thirteen Years of Exploration.” Huffington Post, 16 September 2010. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/leo-villareal/the-essence-of-light-thir_b_720351.html#s1414162009Camhi, Leslie. “Light Fantastic.” Vogue 199, no. 3 (March 2009): 366.Sheets, Hilarie M. “Points of Light: From his laptop computer, Leo Villareal orchestrates dazzling rhythmic productions generated by light-emitting diodes.” Art News 108, no. 6 (June 2009): 94–98, illustrated.2008Capps, Kriston. “Artworld: Tunnel Vision.” Art in America (November 2008): 216, illustrated.Vogel, Carol. “Inside Art: .. And Washington.” The New York Times, 5 September 2008.2007Bryant, Eric. "Leo Villareal, Gering & López” (exhibition review). Art News (June 2007): 139, illustrated.Scott, Andrea K. “Art in Review: Leo Villareal, Gering & López Gallery” (exhibition review). The New York Times, 23 March 2007.Wennerstrom, Nord. “Leo Villareal, Conner Contemporary Art” (exhibition review). Artforum 45, no. 6 (February 2007): 299, illustrated.2005Berwick, Carley. “Dada Digital.” NYU Alumni Magazine (Spring 2005).Gurewitsch, Matthew. “Artists With an Eye for Music” (Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden exhibition review). Wall Street Journal, 28 July 2005.Kimmelman, Michael. “What music might look like as modern art” (Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden exhibition review). The New York Times, 6 July 2005.2004Berwick, Carley. “Leo Villareal at Sandra Gering Gallery” (exhibition review). Art News (June 2004): illustrated.Edelson, Sharon. “Light Fantastic.” Women’s Wear Daily, 17 March 2004: 12, illustrated,Galvak, Sarah. “Leo Villareal” (P.S. 1 and Socrates Sculpture Park exhibition reviews). artUS (April–May 2004): 48, illustrated.Globerman, Sari. “Symphonic Movement.” Art News (November 2004).Hart, Sara. “Lighting Profile: Leo Villareal.” Architectural Record (May 2004): 205–207, illustrated.Hillner, Jennifer. “Color Coding” (Conner Contemporary Art exhibition review). Wired (June 2004): 64, illustrated.Hummer, Tracey. “Leo Villareal at Sandra Gering Gallery” (exhibition review). Art in America (June 2004): illustrated.Jenkins, Mark. “Conceptualists, Putting It on the Line” (Conner Contemporary Art exhibition review). Washington Post, 4 June 2004: illustrated.Lingus, Sarah. “Electric Light Orchestra.” Surface Magazine, no. 50 (November 2004): 82, 84, illustrated.Zacks, Stephen. “Lite Show.” Metropolis (May 2004): 96, illustrated.2003Dawson, Jessica. “Leo Villareal, Conner Contemporary Art” (exhibition review). Tema Celeste (March/April 2003).Gupta, Anjali. “San Antonio, Texas” (Finesilver/FYI Gallery exhibition review). Art Papers (November/December 2003).Tanguy, Sarah. “Leo Villareal, Conner Contemporary Art” (exhibition review). Sculpture. 32, no. 8 (July/August 2003).2002Davis, Christine. “Interactive Contemporary Art” (Palm Beach Institute of Contemporary Art exhibition review). Palm Beach Daily News, 25–27 July 2002: B1, B4, illustrated.Dawson, Jessica. “At Conner, Shining Examples” (exhibition review). Washington Post, 28 November 2002.Dixon, Glenn. “The Light That Will Cease to Fail” (Conner Contemporary Art exhibition review). Washington City Paper, 28 November–5 December 2002.Johnson, Ken. “Art Guide: Leo Villareal, Sandra Gering” (exhibition review). The New York Times, 8 March 2002.O’Sullivan, Michael. “Villareal’s Trippy Light Fantastic” (Conner Contemporary Art exhibition review). Washington Post, 6 December 2002: 58–59, illustrated.Valdez, Sarah. “Leo Villareal, Sandra Gering” (exhibition review). Time Out New York, 21–28 March 2002: illustrated.2001Griffin, Tim. “Synth, White Columns” (exhibition review). Time Out New York, 5–12 July 2001.Pollack, Barbara. “Ambient Art.” Art in America (November 2001).Pratt, Kevin. “Massless Medium: Explorations in Sensory Immersion” (exhibition review). Time Out New York, 12–19 July 2001.Smith, Roberta. “Art in Review: ‘Massless Medium: Explorations in Sensory Immersion’” (exhibition review). The New York Times, 20 July 2001.Villareal, Leo. “Synthesizer’s synthetic synthesis.” Interview by Adrian Dannat. Art Newspaper (July–August 2001).Wehr, Anne. “Unbearable lightness of being.” Time Out New York, 12–19 July 2001: illustrated.2000Baker, Kenneth. “Stop, Look and Listen” (CCA Wattis Institute for Contemporary Arts exhibition review). San Francisco Chronicle, 9 September 2000: B10.Berk, Amy. “Rooms for Listening at CCAC” (exhibition review). Artweek *November 2000).Breslin, Ramsey Bell. “Rooms for Listening” (exhibition review). East Bay Press, 13 December 2000.Helfand, Glen. “Sonic Boom / 2000 Is The Year Of Sound Art.” San Francisco Gate, 12 October 2000.Johnson, Ken. “Art in Review: ‘Collector’s Choice’” (exhibition review). The New York Times, 15 December 2000.Pandiscio, Richard. “Ones to Warth.” Interview (November 2009).Sherburne, Philip. “Rooms for Listening” (exhibition review). Frieze, no. 56 (January–February 2001). Leo VillarealBooks and Catalogues Leo Villareal Books 2018Blessed Be: Mysticism Spirituality, and the Occult in Contemporary Art (exhibition catalogue). Tucson, Arizona: Museum of Contemporary Art Tucson, 2018: 70–73, illustrated.Truth or Dare: A Reality Show (exhibition brochure). Louisville: 21c Museum Hotels, 2018.2014Raiser, Jennifer. Burning Man: Art on Fire. Text by Leo Villareal. New York: Race Point Publishing, 2014: 246–247, illustrated.2012Mad. Sq. Art. 2012: Leo Villareal: Buckyball (exhibition catalogue). Texts by Leo Villareal and Barbara London. New York: Madison Square Park Conservancy, 2012.2010Leo Villareal (exhibition catalogue). Texts by Steven B. Johnson, JoAnne Northrup, Michael Rush et al. Ostfildern, Germany: Hatje Cantz, 2010.2008The Margulies Collection. Miami: The Martin Z. Margulies Foundation, 2008: 314–315, illustrated2006Crutchfield, Margo A. All Digital (exhibition catalogue). Cleveland: Museum of Contemporary Art, 2006: 80–86, illustrated.2003Bahamón, Alejandro. Chill Out: Architecture and Interiors. Berlin: Feierabend Verlag, 2003: 104–107, 115–119, illustrated.