Robert Frank, London, 1951-53, gelatin silver print, image, 12 7/8 x 8 1/2" paper, 14 x 11" © Andrea Frank Foundation Robert Frank Robert Frank © Dodo Jin Ming Details:b. 1924, Zurich, Switzerlandd. 2019, Nova Scotia, Canada Read More Considered one of the most influential figures in the history of photography, Frank redefined the aesthetic of both the still and the moving image via his pictures and films.Soon after his emigration to New York in 1947, Alexey Brodovitch hired Frank as a fashion photographer for Harper’s Bazaar. The position brought many occasions for travel, and Frank’s impressions of the United States, in comparison to other places, impacted his work. After receiving his first Guggenheim Fellowship in 1955, Frank embarked on a two-year trip across America during which he took over 28,000 pictures. Eighty-three of those images were ultimately published in Frank’s groundbreaking monograph The Americans, first by Robert Delpire in 1958 in Paris, and a year later by Grove Press in the United States. Frank’s unorthodox cropping, lighting, and sense of focus attracted criticism. His work, however, was not without supporters. Beat writers Jack Kerouac and Allen Ginsberg felt a kinship with Frank and his interest in documenting the fabric of contemporary society. Eventually The Americans jettisoned Frank into a position of cultural prominence; he became the spokesperson for a generation of visual artists, musicians, and literary figures both in the United States and abroad. Read More Robert Frank, Porte de Clignancourt, 1949, gelatin silver print, image, 8 1/4 x 12 7/8", paper, 11 x 14" © Andrea Frank Foundation Robert Frank, Willem de Kooning, 1961, gelatin silver print, image, 13 1/8 x 8 1/2" paper, 14 x 11" © Andrea Frank Foundation Robert Frank, Iona, Nova Scotia (Sigrid), 1980, gelatin silver print enlarged from one Polaroid negative, image, 19 x 15", paper, 20 x 16" © Andrea Frank Foundation Robert Frank, Indianapolis, 1956, gelatin silver print, image, 8 5/8 x 13", paper, 11 x 14" frame, 16 1/2 x 20 1/2 x 1 1/2" © Andrea Frank Foundation Journal View All News Expanding Our Photography Program Jan 22, 2020 One-Artist Exhibitions Group Exhibitions Public Collections Bibliography: Books Bibliography: Periodicals Close Robert FrankOne-Artist Exhibitions Robert Frank One-Artist Exhibitions DatesBorn, 1924, Zurich, SwitzerlandDied, 2019, Nova Scotia, CanadaEducation1941, Studied French at the Institute Jomini, Payerne, Switzerland2019Robert Frank: Unseen, C/O Berlin, September 13–November 30, 2019.Robert Frank: Why Don’t We Talk About Photography Once Again? Kiyosato Museum of Photographic Arts, Kiyosato, Japan, July 24–September 23, 2019.2018Robert Frank, Hamiltons Gallery, London, March 28–May 11, 2018.2017Robert Frank, Albertina Museum, Vienna, October 25, 2017–January 21, 2018.Robert Frank: Photos, Art Institute of Chicago, Illinois, May 27–August 20, 2017.Robert Frank: American Contacts, Danziger Gallery, New York, March 7–April 8, 2017.2016Robert Frank: Books and Films, 1947–2016, HALLE 14 -Zentrum für zeitgenössische Kunst, Leipzig, Germany, March 17–April 10, 2016. Traveled to: Kunsthalle Ziegelhütte, Appenzell, Switzerland, May 14—October 30, 2016; Museum der Moderne, Salzburg, Austria, December 3, 2016–March 26, 2017. Traveled as: Robert Frank: Books and Films. 1947–2017 to: Houston Center for Photography, Texas, December 8, 2017–January 5, 2018.2015Robert Frank: Park/Sleep & Partida, Pace/MacGill Gallery, New York, April 30–June 13, 2015.Robert Frank. Books and Films, 1947–2014, Museum Folkwang, Essen, Germany, April 17–August 16, 2015.2014Robert Frank in America, Cantor Arts Center at Stanford University, California, September 10, 2014–January 5, 2015. (Catalogue)Robert Frank: Photographs from the Collections of Fotomuseum Winterthur and Fotostiftung Schweiz, Fotomuseum Winterthur, Switzerland, March 7–May 8, 2014.2013Robert Frank, Museum of Photography, Seoul, South Korea, November 9, 2013–February 9, 2014.2012Robert Frank: From the Pennwick Foundation Collection, Danziger Gallery, New York, September 20–October 27, 2012.Robert Frank: Photographs from the Collections of Fotomuseum Winterthur and Fotostiftung Schweiz, Multimedia Complex of Actual Arts, Moscow, October 10–November 25, 2012.Robert Frank: Painkiller, Blue Sky Gallery, Portland, Oregon, January 5–29, 2012.2009Robert Frank, Pace/MacGill Gallery, New York, October 29–December 5, 2009.From the Permanent Collection: Robert Frank’s “The Americans”, Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, June 14–October 19, 2009.Detroit Experiences: Robert Frank Photographs 1955, Detroit Institute of Arts, Michigan, March 3–July 4, 2010. (Catalogue)Looking In: Robert Frank's “The Americans,” National Gallery of Art, Washing D.C., January 18–April 26, 2009. Traveled to: San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, California, May 16–August 23, 2009; The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, September 22, 3009–January 3, 2010. (Catalogue)2008Robert Frank: Lo Straniero Americano, Palazzo Reale, Milan, October 13, 2008–January 18, 2009.Robert Frank: Paris, Museum Folkwang, Essen, Germany, April 25–July 6, 2008. Traveled to: Museo di Fotografia Contemporanea, Milan, September 21–December 28, 2008; Jeu de Paume, Paris, January 20–March 22, 2009; Nederlands Fotomuseum, Rotterdam, April 4–June 7, 2009. (Catalogue)2005Robert Frank: In Canada, Stephen Bulger Gallery, Toronto, November 5–December 22, 2005.2004Robert Frank: Storylines, Tate Modern, London, October 28, 2004–January 23, 2005. Traveled to: Museum of Contemporary Art, Barcelona, February 8–May 8, 2005; Fotomuseum Winterthur, Switzerland, September 3–November 11, 2005. (Catalogue)2003Robert Frank, London/Wales, Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., May 10–July 14, 2003. (Catalogue)2002Robert Frank: Living Trust, Pace/MacGill Gallery, New York, January 15–February 23, 2002.2000Robert Frank Hold Still - Keep Going, Museum Folkwang, Essen, Germany, December 3, 2000–February 11, 2001. Traveled to: Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofia, Madrid, April 6–June 18, 2001. (Catalogue)1997Robert Frank, Hasselblad Center, Gothenburg, Sweden, March 8–May 11, 1997.1995Robert Frank: The Americans, Wexner Center for the Arts, Columbus, Ohio, January 13–March 24, 1995. Traveled to: Addison Gallery of American Art, Andover, Massachusetts, April 1–July 9, 1995; Kemper Museum of Contemporary Art, Kansas City, Missouri, August 1–September 30, 1995; Birmingham Museum of Art, Alabama, October 15, 1995–January 2, 1996; Duke University Center for Documentary Studies, Durham, North Carolina, February 1–March 31, 1996; Tacoma Art Museum, Washington, April 12–June 23, 1996; Dalhousie Art Gallery, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada, July 30–September 25, 1996; Williams College Museum of Art, Williamstown, Massachusetts, October 5–December 1, 1996.1994Robert Frank: Moving Out, National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C., October 2–December 31, 1994. Traveled to: Yokohama Museum of Art, Japan, February 11–April 9, 1995; Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, September 9–October 29, 1885; Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, November 1 1995–February 11, 1996; Lannan Foundation, Los Angeles, March 2–May 19, 1996. (Catalogue)1961Robert Frank: Photographer, Art Institute of Chicago, Illinois, April 28–Jun 11, 1961. Robert Frank Group Exhibitions Robert Frank Group Exhibitions 2022Studio to Stage: Music Photography from the Fifties to the Present, Pace Gallery, 540 West 25th Street, New York, June 29–August 19, 2022.Sculpting Reality. The Documentary Style in the Per Amor A L'Art Collection, Bombas Gens Centre D'Art, Valencia, Spain, May 21, 2021–September 1, 2022.Act of Sight: The Tsiaras Family Photography Collection, Colby College Museum of Art, Waterville, Maine, 2022. (Catalogue)2021On the Bowery, Zürcher Gallery, New York, November 13–December 23, 2021. (Catalogue) Little Things: Parts I & II, Pace Gallery, Geneva, November 10, 2021–January 5, 2022.American Photography, The Albertina Museum, Vienna, August 24–November 28, 2021. (Catalogue)Sculpting Reality: The Documentary Style in the Per Amor A L'Art Collection, Bombas Gens Centre D'Art, Valencia, Spain, May 21, 2021–September 1, 2022.2017Speech, Pace/MacGill Gallery, New York, February 9–April 29, 2017.2016American Classics, Pace Gallery, New York, November 25–December 17, 2016.Make Light of It, Pace/MacGill Gallery, New York, July 7–August 24, 2016.Be-hold Open House, Be-hold, Yonkers, New York, March 5, 2016.2014Multi Panel, Pace/MacGill Gallery, New York, March 27–June 25, 2014.2013Foto Europa: 1840 to Present, Detroit Institute of Arts, Michigan, October 25, 2013–April 27, 2014.Displaced Visions: Emigré Photographers of the 20th Century, Israel Museum, Jerusalem, May 28–October 5, 2013. (Catalogue)XL:19 New Acquisitions in Photography, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, May 10, 2013–January 6, 2014.2012Motor City Muse: Detroit Photographs, Then and Now, Detroit Institute of Arts, Michigan, December 14, 2012–June 16, 2013. (Catalogue)Family Portrait, Philadelphia Museum of Art, Pennsylvania, June 8–November 10, 2013.A Tribute to Robert Delpire: Robert Frank, Lee Friedlander, Josef Koudelka, Duane Michals, and Paolo Roversi, Pace/MacGill Gallery, New York, May 10–June 22, 2012.Conversations: Photography from the Bank of America Collection, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, February 22–May 20, 2012.2011The Unseen Eye: Photographs from the W.M. Hunt Collection, George Eastman House, Rochester, New York, October 1, 2011–February 19, 2012.On Horizons, Fotomuseum Winterthur, Switzerland, September 9, 2011–May 5, 2012.Wanna See my Portfolio? Pace/MacGill Gallery, New York, July 14–August 24, 2011.Public Works, Museum of Contemporary Photography, Chicago, April 29–July 17, 2011. 2007Playback, ARC/Musée d’Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, October 10, 2007–January 6, 2008.Icons of American Photography, Cleveland Museum of Art, Ohio, June 24–September 16, 2007.Far from Home: Photography, Travel, and Inspiration, Art Institute of Chicago, Illinois, January 20–May 6, 2007.2006The Streets of New York: American Photographs from the Collection, 1938-1958, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., September 17, 2006–January 15, 2007.American Beauty, photographs of the American Social Landscape 1930s–1970s, National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne, May 13–October 6, 2006.Reprocessing Reality, PS1 Contemporary Art Center, New York, April 6–May 29, 2006. 2005(people) In Series, In Sequence, Pace/MacGill Gallery, New York, February 10–March 19, 2005. 2004Few Are Chosen: Street Photography and the Book, 1936–1966, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, November 5, 2004–November 6, 2005.American Pictures, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, October 16, 2004–February 27, 2005.The Open Book: A History of the Photographic Book from 1878 to the Present, Hasselblad Center Göteborg, Sweden, September 23–November 7, 2004. Traveled to: International Center for Photography, New York, Jun 17–September 4, 2005. (catalogue)Photography and Art Variations in Spain 1900-1980, MARCO Museo de Arte Contemporánea de Vigo, Vigo, Spain, February 6–May 16, 2004.2003Cruel and Tender: The Real in the Twentieth-Century Photograph, Tate Modern, London, June 5–September 7, 2003. Traveled to: Museum Ludwig, Cologne, November 29, 2003–February 18, 2004. (catalogue)1962Harry Callahan and Robert Frank, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, January 30–April 1, 1962. 1950Photographs by 51 Photographers, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, August 1–September 17, 1950 Robert FrankPublic Collections Robert Frank Public Collections Addison Gallery of American Art, Phillips Academy, Andover, MassachusettsAkron Art Museum, OhioArt Institute of Chicago, IllinoisBaltimore Museum of Art, MarylandBrooklyn Museum, New YorkCarnegie Museum of Art, Pittsburgh, PennsylvaniaThe Cleveland Museum of Art, OhioDetroit Institute of Arts, MichiganFine Arts Museums of San FranciscoFotomuseum Winterthur, SwitzerlandGeorge Eastman House, Rochester, New YorkGeorge Washington University, Washington, D.C.Harvard Art Museums, Cambridge, MassachusettsHerbert F. Johnson Museum of Art, Cornell University, Ithaca, New YorkHigh Museum of Art, Atlanta, GeorgiaInternational Center of Photography, New YorkIsrael Museum, JerusalemJewish Museum, New YorkThe J. Paul Getty Museum, Los AngelesLos Angeles County Museum of ArtMaison Européenne de la Photographie, ParisMead Art Museum, Amherst College, MassachusettsThe Metropolitan Museum of Art, New YorkMinneapolis Institute of Art, MinnesotaThe Mirian and Ira D. Wallach Division of Art, Prints, and Photography, New York Public LibraryMuseo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, MadridMuseu d’Art Contemporani de BarcelonaMuseum Folkwang, Essen, GermanyMuseum of Contemporary Art, Los AngelesMuseum of Fine Arts, BostonThe Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, TexasMuseum of Modern Art, New YorkNational Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.National Gallery of Canada, OttawaNational Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.The Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art, Kansas City, MissouriPhiladelphia Museum of Art, PennsylvaniaPrinceton University Art Museum, New JerseyStiftung für die Photographie, Zürich, SwitzerlandTate Modern, LondonSan Francisco Museum of Modern Art, CaliforniaSmith College Museum of Art, Northampton, MassachusettsSmithsonian American Art Museum, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.University Museum of Contemporary Art, University of Massachusetts AmherstVictoria and Albert Museum, LondonWalker Art Center, Minneapolis, MinnesotaWhitney Museum of American Art, New YorkWorcester Art Museum, MassachusettsYale University Art Gallery, New Haven, Connecticut Robert FrankBibliography: Books Robert Frank Bibliography: Books 2022Golden, Reuel, ed. San Francisco: Portrait of a City. Cologne: Taschen, 2022: 235, illustrated.Petrowskaja, Katja. Das Foto: Schaute Mich An. Berlin: Suhrkamp Verlag AG, 2022: 164, illustrated. 2021Canneyt, Nele van, and John Devos. As if the day never existed. Self-published, die Keure, 2021. Cochran, Robert, Don House, and Sabine Schmidt. Remote Access: Small Public Libraries in Arkansas. Fayetteville: University of Arkansas Press: 7, illustratedEd Ruscha: OKLA (exhibition catalogue). Oklahoma City, Oklahoma: Oklahoma Contemporary Arts Center, 2021: 164, illustrated. Fogle, Douglas, and Hanneke Skerath, eds. Making Strange: The Chara Schreyer Collection. New York: DelMonico Books, 2021: 396−397, illustrated.Gallun, Lucy. Robert Frank: Trolley—New Orleans. New York: The Museum of Modern Art, 2021. 2020Act of Sight: The Tsiaras Family Photography Collection (exhibition catalogue). Waterville, Maine: Colby College Museum of Art, 2020: 87, illustrated.Gifts of Art: The Met's 150th Anniversary. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2020: 134–135, illustrated. 2019Robert Frank: Good Days Quiet. Göttingen, Germany: Steidl, 2019.2018Claass, Arnaud. Essai sur Robert Frank. Trézélan: Filigranes éditions, 2018.2017Enright, Robert, Fritz Göttler, and Meeka Walsh. Robert Frank: Books and Films. Göttingen, Germany: Steidl, 2017.Robert Frank: Leon of Juda. Göttingen, Germany: Steidl, 2017.Robert Frank: The Lines of My Hand. Göttingen, Germany: Steidl, 2017.2016Eskildsen, Ute, ed. Robert Frank: Hold Still, Keep Going. Göttingen, Germany: Steidl, 2016Burger-Utzer, Brigitta. Robert Frank: Film Works. Göttingen, Germany: Steidl, 2016.Was haben wir gesehen / What we have seen. Göttingen, Germany: Steidl, 2016.2015Partida. Göttingen, Germany: Steidl, 2013. Galassi, Peter. Robert Frank: In America. Göttingen, Germany: Steidl; Stanford, California: Cantor Arts Center, 2013.2013Household Inventory Record. Göttingen, Germany: Steidl, 2013.2012Eskenazi, Jason. By the Glow of the Jukebox: The Americans List. New York: Red Hook Editions, 2012.Robert Frank: Valencia 1952. Göttingen, Germany: Steidl, 2012.2011Day, Jonathan. Robert Frank's "The Americans": The Art of Documentary Photography. Chicago: Intellect, 2011.Robert Frank, Pangnirtung. Göttingen, Germany: Steidl, 2011.2008 Come Again. Göttingen, Germany: Steidl, 2008.Frank, Robert, and Ute Eskildsen. Paris: A Short Return. Göttingen: Steidl, 2008.Paris. Göttingen, Germany: Steidl, 2008.2006Americans 1940 – 2006, Amerika: Die soziale Landschaft 1940 bis 2006. Meisterwerke amerikanischer Fotografie (exhibition catalogue). Texts by Gerald Matt, and Peter Weiermair. Vienna: Kunsthalle Wien; Bologna: Grafiche Damiani, 2006.Hibi, Yuichi. A Weekend with Mr. Frank. Tucson: Nazraeli Press, 2006.2005Stahel, Urs, ed. Essays über Robert Frank. Göttingen: Steidl, 2005.2004Brookman, Philip, and Vicente Todolí. Robert Frank: Storylines. London: Tate Publishing, 2004.2003Brookman, Philip, ed. Robert Frank: London / Wales. Zürich: Scalo; London: Thames & Hudson; Washington, D.C.: Corcoran Gallery of Art, 2003.Burger-Utzer, Brigitta, Stefan Grissemann, and Robert Frank. Frank Films: The Film and Video Work of Robert Frank. Zürich: Scalo, 2003.2002Brookman, Philip. London/Wales. Göttingen, Germany: Steidl, 2008.Lhamon, W. T. Deliberate Speed: The Origins of a Cultural Style in the American 1950s. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 2002.2001Eskildsen, Ute, ed. Robert Frank: Hold Still — Keep Going, Zürich: Scalo, 2001.Ming, Dodo Jin. Waiting for Mushroom: The Private Robert Frank and June Leaf. Zürich: Scalo; London: Thames & Hudson, 2001.2000Osborne, Peter. Travelling Light: Photography, Travel, and Visual Culture. New York: Manchester University Press, 2000.1999 Bezner, Lili Corbus. Photography and Politics in America: From the New Deal into the Cold War. Baltimore, Maryland: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1999.1997Flamingo. Zürich: Scalo Publishers, 1997.Hall, Lars, and Gunilla Knape, eds. Flamingo by Robert Frank. Gothenburg: Hasselblad Center, 1997.Soncini, Franca. Ideas: Fotos di Robert Frank. Milan: Alberto Aspesi, 1997.1996Thank You. Zürich: Scalo Publishers, 1996.1995Codrescu, Andrei, and Terence Pitts. Reframing America: Alexander Alland, Otto Hagel & Hansel Mieth, John Gutmann, Lisette Model, Marion Palfi, Robert Frank. Tucson: Center for Creative Photography; Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1995.1994Black White and Things. Washington, D.C.: National Gallery of Art; Zürich: Scalo, 1994.Greenough, Sarah, and Philip Brookman, eds. Robert Frank: Moving Out. Washington, D.C.: National Gallery of Art; Zürich: Scalo, 1994.Westerbeck, Colin, and Joel Meyerowitz. Bystander: A History of Street Photography. Boston: Bulfinch Press, 1994.1992Livingston, Jane. The New York School: Photographs, 1936 – 1963. New York: Stewart, Tabori & Chang, 1992.1991Robert Frank. London: Thames & Hudson, 1991.1986Alexander, Stuart. Robert Frank: A Bibliography, Filmography, and Exhibition Chronology 1946 – 1985. Tucson: Center for Creative Photography, University of Arizona; Huston: Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, 1986.Cohen, Susan, and William S. Johnson. Horses, Sea Lions, and Other Creatures: Robert Frank, Dave Heath, Robert Heinecken, and John Wood. Belmont, Massachusetts: Joshua Press, 1986.Robert Frank: New York to Nova Scotia (exhibition catalogue). Texts by Philip Brookman, Robert Coles, and Anne Wilkes Tucker. Boston: Little, Brown and Company; Huston: Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, 1986.1985Perchik, Simon. The Snowcat Poems, 1980 – 1981, to the Photographs of Robert Frank. North Charleston: Linwood Publishers, 1985.Robert Frank and American Politics (exhibition catalogue). Texts by Barbara Tannenbaum, and David B. Cooper. Akron, Ohio: Akron Art Museum, 1985.Robert Frank: Fotografias / Films 1948 – 1984. Valencia, Spain: Sala Parpalló; Institución Alfons el Magnànim, 1985.Robert Frank. Paris: Centre National de la Photographie, 1983. Robert Frank. Sobre Valencia 1950. Valencia, Spain: Sala Parpalló; Institución Alfons el Magnànim, 1985.1983Documentary Photography. Life Library of Photography. Alexandria, Virginia: Time-Life Books, 1983.Robert Frank. Paris: Centre National de la Photographie, 1983.1981Papageorge, Tod. Walker Evans and Robert Frank: An Essay on Influence. New Haven: Yale University Art Gallery, 1981.1979Brookman, Philip, ed. Robert Frank: Photographer / Filmmaker, Works from 1945 – 1979. Long Beach, California: Long Beach Museum of Art, 1979.Katz, Paul. Robert Frank: “The Americans” and New York Photographs. New York: Sidney Janis Gallery, 1979.1978Brookman, Philip, ed. Robert Frank: An Exhibition of Photography and Films, 1945 – 1977. Santa Cruz: Mary Porter Sesnon Art Gallery, University of California at Santa Cruz, 1978.1976Robert Frank. Millerton, New York: Aperture, 1976.Robert Frank: Werkverzeichnis. Zürich: J. E. Wolfensberger; Kunsthaus Zürich, 1976.1971The Art of Photography. New York: Time-Life Books, 1971.Great Photographers. New York: Time-Life Books, 1971.Trachtenberg, Alan, Peter Neill, and Peter Bunnell. The City: American Experience. New York: Oxford University Press, 1971.196712 Photographers of the American Social Landscape (exhibition catalogue). Waltham, Massachusetts: Poses Institute of Fine Arts, Brandeis University, 1967.1966The Photographer’s Eye (exhibition catalogue). Text by John Szarkowski. New York: The Museum of Modern Art, 1966.1961Six Photographers: An Exhibition of Contemporary Photography (exhibition catalogue). Urbana: College of Fine and Applied Arts, University of Illinois, 1961.1959The Americans. New York: Grove Press, 1959.1958Les Americains. Lausanne, Switzerland: Robert Delpire, 1958.1955Steichen, Edward, ed. The Family of Man (exhibition catalogue). Texts by Edward Steichen, and Carl Sandburg. New York: The Museum of Modern Art, 1955.1952Weltausstellung der Photographie 1952 (exhibition catalogue). Lucerne: Genossenschaft Photoausstellung, 1952. Robert FrankBibliography: Periodicals Robert Frank Bibliography: Periodicals 2021Michaud, Philippe-Alain. “Kind of Sad: Robert Frank (1924–2019).” Les Cashiers du Musée national d’art moderne (Spring 2021): 22–31.2020Dietschy, Nathalie. “After Robert Frank’s Photobook The Americans: Remakes, Variations, and Iconoclasm.” Photographies 13, no. 3 (September 2020): 297–322.Dorfman, John. “In a Lonely Place.” Art & Antiques 44, no. 1 (December 2020): 90–93.2019Baird, Daniel. “Conflicted Photography.” Border Crossings 38, no. 4 (December 2019): 80–84.Enright, Robert. “Keep Giving Signs Robert Frank’s Letters to Chester Pelkey.” Border Crossings 38, no. 4 (December 2019): 44–57.Marton, Andrew. “Photographer Forced America to Look in the Mirror.” The Washington Post, October 2019, 9AD.Roth, Paul. “Swimming Upstream.” Border Crossings 38, no. 4 (December 2019): 20–31.Walsh, Meeka. “Dreaming Robert Frank, Dreaming Walter Benjamin.” Border Crossings 38, no. 4 (December 2019): 12–13.Walsh, Meeka. “Fragments of the Autobiographical A Friendship with Robert Frank.” Border Crossings 38, no. 4 (December 2019): 32–43.2018Cepero, Iliana. “Luc Chessex, Robert Frank, and the Representation of Labour in the MagazineCuba International, 1968–71.” Art History 41, no. 5 (November 2018): 958–87.Shinkle, Eugenie. “Robert Frank: Vienna.” Burlington Magazine 160, no. 1379 (January 2018): 53–54.2017Keymer, David. “American Witness: The Art and Life of Robert Frank.” Library Journal 142, no. 19 (November 15, 2017): 84.Pollak, Benjamin. “Photography from the Inside Out: Robert Frank’s Memorial Images.” Criticism: A Quarterly for Literature and the Arts 59, No. 1 (Winter 2017): 27–48.2015Bean, Robert. “The Collaborative Projects of Robert Frank and Gerhard Steidl.” Border Crossings 34, no. 4 (December 2015): 36–45.Gardner, James. “Bitter Fruit.” Magazine Antiques 181, no. 5 (September 2014): 114–21.“Rodeo - Detroit.” Bulletin of the Detroit Institute of Arts 89, no. 1–4 (May 2015): 56.2014Gardner, James. “Bitter Fruit.” Magazine Antiques 181, no. 5 (September 2014): 114–21.Mortenson, Erik. “The Ghost of Humanism: Rethinking the Subjective Turn in Postwar American Photography.” History of Photography 38, no. 4 (November 2014): 418–34.2013Walsh, Meeka, and Robert Enright. “Possibly, Everything An Interview with Robert Frank.” Border Crossings 32, no. 1 (March 2013): 22–37.2012Kouvaros, George. “‘Time and How to Note It down’: The Lessons of Pull My Daisy.” Screen 53, no. 1 (March 2012): 1–17.2010Burdick, Alan. “Looking in on The Americans.” American History 44, no. 6 (February 2010): 42–49.D’Arcy, David. “Looking Back: Photographer Robert Frank’s Americans.” Town & Country 164, no. 5356 (January 2010): 53.Haas, Karen E. “On The Congressional: Robert Frank and Walker Evans.” Bulletin of the Detroit Institute of Arts 84, no. 1/4 (2010): 24–31.Perry, Weena. “Robert Frank and Two Babies: ‘The Americans’ at the Met.” Afterimage 37, no. 5 (Mar/April 2010): 2–5.2009Lane, Anthony. “Road Show.” New Yorker 85, no. 28 (September 14, 2009): 84–91.Rubinfien, Leo. “Another Trip through ‘The Americans.’” Art in America 97, no. 5 (May 2009): 136–70.“Tale of a Restless Risk-Taker.” USA Today Magazine 138, no. 2774 (November 2009): 54–55.2008Jones, Malcolm. “A Terrible Beauty.” Newsweek 151, no. 22 (June 2, 2008): 50–51.Lacayo, Richard. “Homeland Insecurity.” TIME Magazine 171, no. 21 (May 26, 2008): 68–69.Leduff, Charlie. “Robert Frank’s Unsentimental Journey.” Vanity Fair 50, no. 4 (April 2008): 164–77.2007Chamarette, Jenny. “Flesh, Folds and Texturality: Thinking Visual Ellipsis via Merleau-Ponty, Hélène Cixous and Robert Frank.” Paragraph: A Journal of Modern Critical Theory 30, no. 2 (July 2007): 34–49.Hoberman, J. “On the Road Again.” Artforum International 45, no. 8 (2007): 89 – 90.2006Baas, Valerie, and Nancy W. Barr. “Note on the Rarity and Care of Works by Robert Frank in the Detroit Institute of Arts.” Bulletin of the Detroit Institute of Arts 80, nos. 1 – 2 (2006): 52 – 57.Chuang, Joshua. “When the Messenger Is the Medium: The Making of Walker Evans’s ‘American Photographs’ and Robert Frank’s ‘The Americans.’” Yale University Art Gallery Bulletin, 2006, 108–23.2005Baetens, Jan. “Motifs of Extraction: Photographic Images on Book Covers.” History of Photography 29, no. 1 (2005): 81 – 89.2004Cascade, Rebecca. “This American Life.” Art and Auction 27, no. 2 (2004): 132, 134.Guerrin, Michel. “Sur la route de la mélancolie avec Robert Frank.” Le Monde, November 6, 2004, 29.2002Barr, Nancy Watson. “Truth, Memory, and the American Working-Class City: Robert Frank in Detroit and at the Rouge.” Bulletin of the Detroit Institute of Arts 76, no. 1/2 (2002): 62–74.2002Brown, Geoffrey. “Robert Frank: Canadian Museum of Contemporary Photography.” Flash Art 35, no. 226 (2002): 104.Enright, Robert. “Fragments of Memory.” Border Crossings 21, no. 3 (2002): 18.2001Elman, Julie, and Anthony LaSala. “Framing America.” I 20, no. 7 (July 2001): 89.Usher, Rod. “Naked Eye.” Time Europe 157, no. 18 (May 7, 2001): 54.1999Holland, Patricia. “Robert Frank: Reinventing Memory.” Creative Camera, no. 359 (1999): 32 – 35.McGee, Robert. “Mabou Blues.” Border Crossings 18, no. 3 (1999): 54 – 56.1998Lacayo, Richard. “Camera Ready.” Time International (Canada Edition) 151, no. 22 (June 8, 1998): 54.Lalanne, Jean-Marc. “Rotterdam, on y retourne.” Cahiers du Cinéma, no. 522 (1998): 22.1997Alexander, Stuart. “Robert Frank.” Katalog: Journal of Photography and Video 9, no. 4 (Fall 1997): 32 – 33.Wyatt, Tom. “Being Frank.” Creative Review 17 (1997): 39.1994Lacayo, Richard. “The Long, Winding Road.” TIME Magazine 144, no. 16 (October 17, 1994): 76.Marcus, Greil. “On the Road Again: Robert Frank Driving and Crying.” Artforum International 33 (1994): 52 – 57.Woodward, Richard B. “Where Have You Gone Robert Frank?” New York Times Magazine, September 4, 1994, 30 – 37.1990Rice, Shelley. “Some Reflections on Time and Change in the Work of Robert Frank.” Photo Review 13, no. 2 (Spring 1990): 1 – 9.1989Cembalest, Robin. “Indelible Images.” ArtNews 88, no. 4 (April 1989): 174 – 179.Takata, Ken. “Toward an Elegance of Movement: Walker Evans and Robert Frank Revisited.” Journal of American Culture 12, no. 1 (1989): 55 – 64.1987Frank, Robert, and Marlaine Glicksman. “Highway 61 Revisited.” Film Comment 23, no. 4 (July−August 1987): 32–39.1986Frascella, Larry. “ROBERT FRANK: New York to Nova Scotia.” Aperture, no. 105 (Winter 1986): 74–75.Frizot, Michel. “Robert Frank: Ailleurs et maintenant.” Clichés [Brussels] 25 (April 1986): 48 – 53.Grundberg, Andy. “Affirming and Dissident Visions of America.” New York Times, November 9, 1986, sec. 2:31.Hagen, Charles. “Candid Camera.” Artforum 24, no. 10 (Summer 1986): 23, 116 – 119.1985Cotkin, George. “The Photographer in the Beat-Hipster Idiom: Robert Frank’s the Americans.” American Studies 26, no. 1 (Spring 1985): 19–33.1984Nesterenko, Alexander, and C. Zoe Smith. “Contemporary Interpretations of Robert Frank’s The Americans.” Journalism Quarterly 61, no. 3 (Autumn 1984): 567 – 577.Schiffman, Amy M. “Politics as Unusual: Robert Frank.” American Photographer 13, no. 5 (November 1984): 52 – 57.1981Baier, Leslie. “Visions of Fascination and Despair: The Relationship between Walker Evans and Robert Frank.” Art Journal 41, no. 1 (Spring 1981): 55–63.Papageorge, Tod. “From Walker Evans to Robert Frank: A Legacy Received, Embraced, and Transformed.” Artforum 19 (April 1981): 33 – 37.1980Brumfield, John. “‘The Americans’ and The Americans.” Afterimage 8, nos. 1 – 2 (Summer 1980): 8 – 15.Hinderaker, Mark. “The Family of Man and The Americans.” Photographer’s Forum 2, no. 4 (September 1980): 22 – 28.1979Stevens, Nancy. “The Americans Revisited.” American Photographer 2, no. 6 (1979): 38 – 49.1978Cousineau, Penny. “Robert Frank’s Postcards from Everywhere.” Afterimage 5, no. 8 (February 1978): 6 – 8.“Robert Frank.” The Massachusetts Review 19, no. 4 (Winter 1978): 766–77.Rubinfien, Leo. “Robert Frank in Ottawa.” Art in America 66, no. 3 (May): 52–55.Scully, Julia, and Andy Grundberg. “Currents: American Photography Today.” Modern Photography 42, no. 10 (October 1978): 94 – 97, 196, 198, 200.1976Vestal, David. “30 Years of Books That Shaped Photography.” Popular Photography 60, no. 6 (June 1967): 88 – 89, 44.1975Becker, Howard S. “Photography and Sociology.” Afterimage 3, nos. 1 – 2 (May / June 1975): 21 – 32.Mann, Margery. “West: The Americans Revisited.” Camera 35 18, no. 10 (January 1975): 14, 74 – 75.Searle, Leroy. “Poems, Pictures, and Conceptions of ‘Language.’” Afterimage 3, nos. 1 – 2 (May / June 1975): 33 – 39.1974Stott, W. “Walker Evans, Robert Frank, and the Landscape of Dissociation.” Artscanada 31 (December 1974): 83 – 89.1971“Books.” Art and Artists 6, no. 4 (July 1971): 70.1970Barrow, Thomas F. “A Letter with Some Thoughts on Photography’s Future.” Album, no. 6 (July 1970): 2 – 3.Gibson, Ralph. “Books: The Americans.” Artforum 8, no. 9 (May 1970): 92.1969Braley, Duane. “Photo Books Not Always Pretty, Have Impact.” Minneapolis Tribune, June 29, 1969, sec. E:10.Crane, Arnold H. “For the Photography Collector.” Chicago Daily News, July 12, 1969, Panorama section, 9.Deschin, Jacob. “Photography: Camera Looks at America.” New York Times, August 17, 1969, sec. 2:22.Frank, Robert. “Robert Frank: Letter from New York.” Creative Camera [London], no. 60 (June 1969): 202.Frank, Robert. “Robert Frank: Letter from New York.” Creative Camera [London], no. 61 (July 1969): 234 – 235.Frank, Robert. “Robert Frank: Letter from New York.” Creative Camera [London], no. 64 (October 1969): 340.Frank, Robert. “Robert Frank: Letter from New York.” Creative Camera [London], no. 66 (December 1969): 414.Mann, Margery. “Photography.” Artforum 6, no. 2 (October 1967): 67 – 70.Palmer, Phil. “Powerful, Visual Statements of the World.” San Francisco Chronicle, June 29, 1969, This World section, 33.Richard, Paul. “Americans — Without Tricks.” Washington Post, May 19, 1969, sec. B:5.“Robert Frank’s Camera: Poetry of Americana.” Chicago Daily News, May 3, 1969, Panorama section, 3.Scarborough, John. “From Nature in the Raw to Life in the Raw.” Houston Chronicle, June 8, 1969, Zest section, 11.“Views: Robert Frank.” Creative Camera, no. 65 (November 1969): 376.1966“John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation Fellows in Photography 1937 – 1965.” Camera 45, no. 4 (April 1966): 2 – 66.1963Kinzer, H. M. “Today’s Best Picture Books.” Popular Photography 52, no. 5 (May 1963): 60 – 61.1962Deschin, Jacob. “Two-Man Exhibit: Photographs by Callahan and Frank at Museum of Modern Art.” New York Times, February 4, 1962, sec. 2:21.1961Bennett, Edna. “Black and White Are the Colors of Robert Frank.” Aperture 9, no. 1 (1961): 20 – 22.Gutierrez, Donald. “Books: The Unhappy Many.” Dissent 8, no. 4 (Autumn 1961): 515 – 516.1960“Books: General.” The New Yorker, May 14, 1960, 203 – 204.Caulfield, Patricia. “New Photo Books: The Americans.” Modern Photography 24, no. 6 (June 1960): 32 – 33.Getlein, Frank. “Art: Beatniks and Beaux.” New Republic, January 11, 1960, 21 – 22.Hogan, William. “A Bookman’s Notebook: Photo Coverage of the Ugly American.” San Francisco Chronicle, January 27, 1960, 25.Lambeth, Michel. “Books Reviewed: The Americans.” Canadian Forum 40, no. 475 (August 1960): 120.Millstein, Gilbert. “In Each a Self-Portrait.” New York Times Book Review, January 17, 1960, 7.Nyren, Dorothy. “New Books Appraised: The Arts — Graphic Arts.” Library Journal 85, no. 6 (March 15, 1960): 1104.Stamm, Tad, Burt Keppler, and Barney Rosset. “Letters to the Editor: The Americans.” Popular Photography 47, no. 1 (July 1960): 6.1958Deschin, Jacob. “Picture Annuals: American, German, and British Work Reviewed.” New York Times, December 1, 1957, sec. 2:21.1955Deschin, Jacob. “Project Awards: Guggenheim Fellowships for Frank and Webb.” New York Times, May 1, 1955, sec. 2:17.1953Deschin, Jacob. “European Pictures: Modern Museum Presents Collection by Steichen.” New York Times, May 31, 1953, sec. 2:13.1951Deschin, Jacob. “Abstract Images: Display Arranged by Steichen Includes Variety of Experimental Work.” New York Times, May 6, 1951, sec. 2:15.