Chuck Close (b. 1940, Monroe, Washington) is renowned for his innovative conceptual portraiture. He began creating photorealist portraits from photographs in the late 1960s, using a grid to map each facial detail. In the late 1970s, he began shifting away from this approach, creating images with layers of autonomous shapes and colors that cohere into his subject’s face when viewed from a distance. Constantly revitalizing his practice, Close works across a variety of media, extending beyond painting to encompass printmaking, photography, collage, and tapestries based on Polaroids.
In 2000, Close was presented with the prestigious National Medal of Arts by President Bill Clinton. He is a member of the American Academy of Arts and Letters, has served on the board of many arts organizations, and, in 2010, was appointed by President Barack Obama to serve on The President’s Committee on the Arts and the Humanities. In 2016, he created twelve large-scale mosaic portraits for New York’s 86th Street subway station at Second Avenue.
New York—Pace Gallery is pleased to present Chuck Close: Nudes 1967-2014 from February 28 through March 29, 2014 at 534 West 25th Street, New York. While renowned worldwide for more than five decades of portraiture, Close has in the same course of time investigated, experimented and explored another subject with equal virtuosity: the body.
Pace’s exhibition will feature Polaroids, daguerreotypes and an acrylic on canvas painting. Color and black & white single panels, diptychs, triptychs, and a five part reclining figure were all made using a 40-by-80 inch Polaroid camera and will be on view alongside the 10-by-21 foot Big Nude, a 1967 painting on loan from a private collection and never before exhibited publicly in New York. Working from black & white photographs, Close purged color from this large-scale painting of a reclining female nude. While this pose has been a motif in art history for centuries, Close's use of the reclining figure is as much about the process as it is about the subject. In this monumental, masterful painting, Close employed a variety of techniques and tools ranging from traditional brush painting to airbrushing to razors and rags to execute the work.
A series of daguerreotypes, made using the 19th century technique will also be on view. Close captured his subjects through the camera’s completely open large lens, resulting in a flood of light permeating the moment which decreases the depth of field and makes some areas appear out of focus. This challenge was not new to Close and in fact relates to an effect the artist purposefully incorporated into his paintings as early as the mid-1960s: highlighting the face, while allowing edges to blur. This approach requires the final image to be viewed section by section and therefore reestablishes the connection of the viewer to the process as a result.
Chuck Close's very first solo exhibition, held in 1967 at the University of Massachusetts Art Gallery, Amherst, featured paintings, painted reliefs and drawings based on photographs of record covers and magazine illustrations. The exhibition captured the attention of the university administration, which promptly closed it, citing the male nudity as obscene. The American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) and the American Association of University Professors (AAUP) came to the defense of Close, and a landmark court case ensued. A Massachusetts Supreme Court Justice decided in favor of the artist against the university. When the university appealed, Close chose not to return to Boston, and ultimately the decision was overturned by an appeals court. The original decision is cited regularly as the first decision to extend freedom of speech to visual arts. Close was later awarded an Honorary Doctorate of the Arts by the University of Massachusetts in 1995.
In the nearly 50 years that have elapsed since that exhibition was deemed inappropriate, society's perception and acceptance of the nude has changed. Viewers of Nudes 1967 – 2014 will see a record of body types and grooming preferences spanning the latter half of the 20th century and the beginning of the 21st. As with his iconic portraits of heads, Close’s photographs of the body are handled in an almost mug shot style, and yet he opens a window for the viewer to the life experience of the subject.
The accompanying exhibition catalogue will include an essay by Colin Westerbeck, who curated a critically acclaimed 1989 travelling exhibition of the artist's nudes and flowers at the Art Institute of Chicago. In his new essay, Westerbeck recalls how Close referred to his photographs of the nude that comprised only the space between the shoulders and knees as "caryatids". This suggestion of classicism, "a meditation on the human body," reinforces the nudes’ sculptural quality, something not typically considered in Close's oeuvre.
Chuck Close (b. 1940, Monroe, Washington) began working from photographs for the first time in 1959, when upon graduation from the Yale University School of Art and Architecture, he was awarded a Fulbright grant to study at the Akademie der Bildenen Kunste, Vienna. In 1977, while working with large-format 20-by-24 inch and 40-by-80 inch Polaroid cameras, Close began to value his photographic maquettes as works of art in their own right, rather than as the basis to his painting. His 1988 show at Pace Gallery marked one of the earliest exhibitions of his photographic portraits. In the late1990s, Close began experimenting with daguerreotype, creating the first daguerreotype nudes of his friends and acquaintances in 2000. Since then, Close’s photography has been widely exhibited in the United States and abroad. Next year, the Parrish Art Museum, Water Mill, NY will mount the first comprehensive survey of Close’s photographic works from April 18 through July 12, 2015.
Close has been the subject of more than 200 solo exhibitions in more than 20 countries, including major exhibitions at New York’s Museum of Modern Art, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofia in Madrid, and the State Hermitage Museum in St. Petersburg, Russia. Close’s work can be found in more than 80 public collections. A digital catalogue raisonné, Chuck Close: Paintings, 1967 – present, was recently released by Artifex Press. Pace Gallery has represented Close since 1977.
An award-winning artist, Close was presented with the prestigious National Medal of Arts by President Clinton in 2000. In 1988 Close was paralyzed following a rare spinal artery collapse. He continues to paint using a brush-holding device strapped to his wrist and forearm. Close studied at the University of Washington School of Art (B.A., 1962) and at the Yale University School of Art and Architecture (B.F.A., 1963; M.F.A., 1964), receiving honorary degrees from both of his alma maters as well as 20 other institutions. Close is a member of the American Academy of Arts and Letters, has served on the board of many arts organizations and was recently appointed to serve on The President’s Committee on the Arts and the Humanities by President Obama. The artist, who painted President Clinton in 2006, also photographed President Obama in 2012.
Vanity Fair's 20th Annual Hollywood edition features a portfolio of 20 Polaroid portraits of movie stars shot by Chuck Close. The artist requested that his subjects be ready to be photographed without makeup or hair-styling and used a large-format 20x24" Polaroid camera for the close-ups. Close has been creating portraits in a variety of media for five decades. Portraits of stars from Kate Winslet and Oprah Winfrey to Morgan Freeman and Martin Scorcese appear in the March issue. Close's
Portraits by Chuck Close and Zhang Huan of designer, muse, collector and icon Diane von Furstenberg are now on view in a Los Angeles retrospective of DVF fashion. The exhibition marks the 40th anniversary of the iconic wrap dress and follows Pace Beijing's presentation of Diane von Furstenburg: Journey of a Dress three years ago. Read more from W Magazine here. For more details about the exhibition, click here.
This summer, Guild Hall in East Hampton, NY will present an exhibition of recent paintings, prints and tapestries by Chuck Close. This is the artist's first exhibition at Guild Hall in over two decades, and will be on view starting August 10 through October 14, 2013. For more information from Guild Hall's website, click here.
2014. Pace Gallery. Paperback
92 pages: 57 color illustrations; 11 ½ x 9 inches