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Pace Galleries

Sol LeWitt

Structures 1962–2003

About Sol LeWitt

Sol LeWitt (b.1928, Hartford, CT; d. 2007, New York) is a leading figure of Minimalism and pioneer of Conceptual art. Redefining art production by exploring ideas rather than conventional aesthetics, he distilled art to its essentials. Using the cube as a “grammatical device,” LeWitt’s work is characterized by serialization, repetition, and progression, exemplified by his iconic open-grid structures. Studying systems of line and color, his prolific output of wall drawings represents a breakthrough in his career and solidifies his engagement with two-dimensional practices spanning painting, drawing, photography, and printmaking.

LeWitt has been the subject of numerous one-artist exhibitions and his work is held in public collections worldwide. In 2008, MASS MoCA opened Sol LeWitt: A Wall Drawing Retrospective, which will remain on view through 2033.

Pace has represented The Estate of Sol LeWitt since 2007.

Press Release

  • Sol LeWitt: Structures 1962-2003
    Over 50 Structures by Sol LeWitt, the largest exhibition mounted of this aspect of the artist’s work in North America, will be on view at PaceWildenstein’s two New York galleries beginning February 27, 2004. The exhibition at 32 East 57th Street remains on view through March 27, 2004 and in Chelsea at 534 West 25th Street through April 17, 2004. The significant number of works in Sol LeWitt: Structures 1962-2003 is second only in size to Sol LeWitt Structures 1962-1993, a survey organized by The Museum of Modern Art, Oxford, which traveled throughout the United Kingdom and to Germany in 1993-1994. Sol LeWitt: Structures 1962-2003 includes work from over four decades, from 1962 through 2003 and will provide an in-depth look at the artist’s continuing investigation of three-dimensional art. A full color catalogue with an essay The Last American: Sol LeWitt’s Self-Evidence by Dave Hickey will be published on the occasion of the show. Sol LeWitt (b. Hartford 1928) has been the subject of hundreds of solo exhibitions in museums and galleries worldwide since 1965. His prolific two and three-dimensional work ranges from Wall Drawings, over 1,100 of which have been executed, to photographs and hundreds of works on paper, and extends to structures in the form of towers, pyramids, geometric forms, and progressions. These works range in size from maquettes to monumental outdoor pieces. Sol LeWitt’s frequent use of open, modular structures originate from the cube, a form that has influenced the artist’s thinking since the beginning of his career. Sol LeWitt: Structures 1962-2003 includes early Wall Structures and three Serial Projects from the 1960s; four Incomplete Open Cubes from the 1970s; numerous painted white wood pieces from the 1980s: Hexagon, Form Derived from a Cube, Structure with Three Towers, among others as well as Maquettes for Concrete Block Structures from the late 1990s. After receiving a B.F.A. from Syracuse University in 1949, Sol LeWitt traveled to Europe where he was exposed to Old Master painting. Shortly thereafter, he served in the Korean War, first in California, then Japan, and finally Korea. Sol LeWitt moved to New York City in the 1950s and pursued his interest in design at Seventeen magazine, where he did paste-ups, mechanicals, and photostats. Later, for one year, he was a graphic designer in the office of architect I.M. Pei. Around that time, LeWitt also discovered the photography of Eadweard Muybridge, whose late 1800s studies in sequence and locomotion were an early influence. These experiences, combined with an entry-level job he took in 1960 at The Museum of Modern Art, would influence LeWitt as an artist. At the MoMA, LeWitt’s co-workers included fellow artists Robert Ryman, Dan Flavin, and Robert Mangold. Curator Dorothy C. Miller’s now famous 1960 “Sixteen Americans” exhibition with work by Johns, Kelly, Rauschenberg, and Stella created a swell of excitement and discussion among the community of artists with whom LeWitt associated. Interviewed in 1993 about those years LeWitt remarked, “I decided I would make color or form recede and proceed in a three-dimensional way.” The Museum of Modern Art, New York gave Sol LeWitt his first retrospective in 1978-79. The exhibition traveled to various American venues. Other major exhibitions since include Sol LeWitt Drawings 1958-1992, which was organized by the Haags Gemeentemuseum, The Netherlands in 1992 and traveled over the next three years to museums in the United Kingdom, Germany, Switzerland, France, Spain, and The United States; and in 1996, The Museum of Modern Art, New York mounted a traveling survey exhibition: Sol LeWitt Prints: 1970-1995. In recent years the artist has been the subject of exhibitions at P.S. 1 Contemporary Center, Long Island City (Concrete Blocks); the Addison Gallery of American Art Phillips Academy, Andover (Twenty-Five Years of Wall Drawings, 1968-1993); and the Wadsworth Atheneum Museum of Art, Hartford (Incomplete Cubes), which traveled to three art museums in The United States. Sol LeWitt’s most recent retrospective was organized by the San Francisco Museum of Art in 2000. The exhibition traveled to the Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago, and the Whitney Museum of American Art, New York.



Dave Hickey

2004. Pace Gallery. Paperback

96 pages: 52 illustrations; 10 ¼ x 11 inches



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