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Robert Mangold

Drawings and Works on Paper 1965–2008

About Robert Mangold

Since the beginning of his career in the mid-‘60s, Robert Mangold (b. 1937, North Tonawanda, NY) has combined the classic elements of composition—shape, line, and color—to create abstract works of architectural scale, drawing by hand thick and thin graphite lines on subtly modulated planes of color. Following his first solo exhibition in 1964, Mangold’s work has been the subject of numerous single-person exhibitions and retrospectives at institutions including the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York; Stedelijk Museum in Amsterdam; Akron Art Museum; Hallen für neue Kunst, Schaffhausen, Switzerland; Allen Memorial Art Museum, Oberlin College; Hallen für neue Kunst; Museum Wiesbaden; Parasol Unit Foundation for Contemporary Art, London; and Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo. Mangold joined Pace Gallery in 1991.

Press Release

  • Robert Mangold: Drawings and Works on Paper, 1965-2008
    PaceWildenstein is honored to present Robert Mangold: Drawings and Works on Paper, 1965-2008 from March 6 through April 4, 2009 at 32 East 57th Street, New York City. Robert Storr, Dean of the School of Art at Yale University, contributed an essay to the accompanying exhibition catalogue. The artist will be present at an opening reception Thursday, March 5 from 6 until 9 p.m. Robert Mangold: Drawings and Works on Paper, 1965-2008 is a historical survey exhibition of nearly 100 drawings and works on paper from the artist’s personal archive, most of which have never before been exhibited. This exhibition offers a unique opportunity to examine over four decades of Mangold’s work, and the works on view range from preliminary studies to fully worked drawings and paintings on paper. Colored pencil diagrams made in preparation for the Wall paintings from the 1960s and the distorted circle and square compositions from 1972-74 as well as studies for the X, Plus, and Frame series from the 1980s, Irregular Areas (1985-87), Tilted Ellipses (1990), the complete Attic Series I–XVIII (1990-91), Plane/Figures, Curved Plane/Figures and Zones from the 1990s, Curled Figures (2000-02), Columns (2002-06) and Column Structures (2006-08), and his most recent series Ring Images (2007-present) highlight the artist’s cyclical and self-referential vocabulary. When viewing the drawings side by side it becomes apparent that Mangold’s early works inform his late works and vise versa. After visiting the artist’s upstate studio and observing a group of drawings pinned directly to the wall in no specific chronological order, Robert Storr wrote, “[it is] as if the readily apparent themes and variations Mangold has worked with over the years were suddenly allowed to interrupt and intersect with each other like overlapping components of a larger orchestral work.” In 1965, while working on his painting Red Wall, measuring only 2" in depth, Mangold recognized that in order to achieve the “flat frontality” he was striving for his work needed to maintain a direct relationship with the wall, an idea he termed “limited depth”. It was then that Mangold fully embraced paper, recognizing how the thin, flat nature of this medium achieved the desired effect with the wall and allowed his images to be seen instantly, in their entirety. Working on paper also gave Mangold the freedom to explore material, shape, line and color and to continually reinvent ways in which these components relate to each other. His drawings represent both an individual and collective unit, and as Mangold has stated, he rarely conceives of a single work, choosing instead to approach an idea again and again, with related groups developing. Robert Mangold strives to find equilibrium between his colorful, monochromatic planes and the hand-drawn figures. He produces studies to scale in an effort to work out any differences between the two until a symbiotic balance is achieved. Storr emphasizes the importance of the hand drawn elements in Mangold’s work: “Mangold is preeminent among those who choose to do it the hard way—by hand. However, he does not fetishize touch in the manner of expressionists and others who make the artist the overt or covert subject of their work by stressing their emotional and physical presence at its creation. Nor does he foreground the difficulty of the task he assigns himself or ever let the exertions it requires show in the final work in order to highlight his virtuosity.” Drawings and Works on Paper, 1965-2008 is Robert Mangold’s 12th solo exhibition with PaceWildenstein since 1991 and the first show devoted entirely to his works on paper since 1994. The artist is currently the subject of Robert Mangold: X, Plus and Frame Paintings, Works from the 1980s at the Parasol Unit Foundation for Contemporary Art, London, through May 8, 2009. This exhibition brings together works from these three series for the first time. On October 23, 2009, Robert Mangold, Beyond the Line: Paintings and Project 2000-2008 opens at the Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, New York, in conjunction with the unveiling of an important public commission at the Federal Courthouse Building. Robert Mangold, Beyond the Line: Paintings and Project 2000-2008 will remain on view through January 31, 2010. Robert Mangold (b. 1937, North Tonawanda, NY) studied at the Cleveland Institute of Art before attending the Yale University School of Art and Architecture; he received both B.F.A (1961) and M.F.A. (1963) degrees from Yale. Since his first solo exhibition in 1964, Mangold’s work has been the subject of numerous one-person shows, traveling exhibitions and retrospectives exhibited throughout the United States and abroad including: Paintings 1964-1982 and Drawings and Prints at the Stedelijk Museum in Amsterdam (1982); Robert Mangold: Paintings 1971-1984 organized by the Akron Art Museum with subsequent venues in New York, Texas and California (1984-86); Paintings 1964-1987 at the Hallen für neue Kunst, Schaffhausen, Switzerland (1987); Robert Mangold: The Oberlin Window at the Allen Memorial Art Museum, Oberlin College, Oberlin, Ohio, (1992); Robert Mangold: Painting as Wall, Werke von 1964 bis 1993 organized by the Hallen für neue Kunst with subsequent venues in Paris, Münster and Lisbon (1993-95); and Robert Mangold: Paintings and Drawings 1984–1997 at the Museum Wiesbaden, Germany (1998-99) traveling to the Kunstmuseum, St. Gallen, Switzerland later that year. In 1998, the Museum Wiesbaden in Germany organized and exhibited Robert Mangold: Attic Series and Plane/Figure Paintings (1998-99) and awarded the artist the Alexej von Jawlensky-Preis der Stadt Wiesbaden Award. On the occasion of that exhibition, the second portion of the catalogue raisonné of Mangold’s work was published; the first portion of the catalogue raisonné was published in conjunction with the 1982 Stedelijk Museum exhibition. The Bonnefantenmuseum in Maastricht mounted solo exhibitions on three separate occasions (1988, 1989, 1997), and the artist was the subject of an exhibition at the Centro Galego de Arte Contemporanea, Santiago de Compostela, Spain in 1999. Included three times in Documenta, Kassel, Germany (1972, 1977, 1982) and four times in the Whitney Museum of American Art Biennial (1979, 1983, 1985, 2004), Mangold’s work has also been featured in the Venice Biennale (1993). In 2000, Phaidon Press published the first major monograph on Robert Mangold. Early in his career, Mangold received a National Endowment for the Visual Arts Fellowship (1967). In 1993 he was awarded the Skowhegan Medal for Painting from the Skowhegan School of Painting and Sculpture. Robert Mangold later became a trustee of Yale University Art Gallery (1999), a member of the American Academy of Arts and Letters (2001), and was most recently elected a member of the National Academy (2005). Mangold’s work can be found in 75 public collections in the United States and abroad including: Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo; Kunstmuseum, Basel; Museu Berardo, Lisbon; Bonnefantenmuseum, Maastricht; Museum of Fine Arts, Boston; Fundació “la Caixa,” Barcelona; The Art Institute of Chicago; The Cleveland Museum of Art; Dallas Museum of Art; The J. Paul Getty Trust, Los Angeles; Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York; High Museum of Art, Atlanta; Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington, DC; The Museum of Fine Arts, Houston; The Israel Museum, Jerusalem; Los Angeles County Museum of Art; The Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles; The Menil Collection, Houston; The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York; Migros Collection, Zurich; The Museum of Modern Art, New York; National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.; The Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art, Kansas City; Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, Madrid; San Francisco Museum of Modern Art; Seattle Art Museum; Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam; Tate Gallery, London; Tokyo Metropolitan Art Museum; Walker Art Center, Minneapolis; Whitney Museum of American Art, New York; Museum Wiesbaden, Germany; and Kunstmuseum Winterthur, Switzerland. Robert Mangold lives and works in upstate New York. Additional information for Robert Mangold: Drawings and Works on Paper, 1965-2008 is available upon request by contacting Jennifer Benz Joy at or Lauren Staub at or call 212.421.3292.



Robert Storr

2009. Pace Gallery. Paperback

40 pages: 33 color illustrations; 11 x 9 5/16 inches



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