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Mark Rothko: Biographical Documents






Died 1970, New York, New York

Born 1903, Dvinsk, Russia



1924, Art Students League, New York, New York

1921–1923, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut




Mark Rothko, Kunsthistorisches Museum Wien, Vienna, March 12–June 30, 2019.




Mark Rothko: Reflection, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, September 24, 2017–July 1, 2018.




Rothko: Dark Palette, Pace Gallery, 510 West 25th Street, New York, November 4, 2016–January 7, 2017. (Catalogue)




Mark Rothko: A Retrospective, Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, September 29, 2015–January 24, 2016. (Catalogue)


Mark Rothko Exhibition, Seoul Arts Center, Hangaram Art Museum, March 19–June 28, 2015.




Mark Rothko’s Harvard Murals, Harvard Art Museum, Cambridge, November 16, 2014–July 26, 2015.


Mark Rothko, Gemeentemuseum Den Haag, The Netherlands, September 20, 2014–March 1, 2015. (Catalogue)


Tragic and Timeless: The Art of Mark Rothko, Saint Louis Art Museum, May 24–September 14, 2014.


Mark Rothko: The Watercolors 1941–1947, Pace Gallery, 32 East 57th Street, New York, May 2–June 21, 2014. (Catalogue)




Mark Rothko: The Decisive Decade, 1940–1950, Columbia Museum of Art, South Carolina, September 14, 2012–January 6, 1913. Travels to: Columbus Museum of Art, Ohio, February 1–May 26, 2013; as Figure to Field: Mark Rothko in the 1940s, Denver Art Museum, June 23–September 29, 2013; as Mark Rothko in the 1940s: The Decisive Decade, Arkansas Arts Center, Little Rock, October 25, 2012–February 9, 2014. (Catalogue)


Mark Rothko, Portland Art Museum, Oregon, February 18–May 27, 2012.


Mark Rothko: Selections from the National Gallery of Art, Academy Art Museum, Easton Maryland, February 4–April 22, 2012.




Mark Rothko: Seagram Murals, The National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., December 6, 2011–August 15, 2012.


Mark Rothko: Perceptions of Being, Chrysler Museum of Art, Norfolk, Virginia, September 28, 2011–January, 15, 2012.


Rothko in Britain, Whitechapel Gallery, London, September 9, 2011–February 26, 2012.




Mark Rothko, Into an Unknown World: 1949–1969, Garage Centre for Contemporary Culture, Moscow, April 23–August 14, 2010. (Catalogue; texts by Andrei Tolstoy and Irving Sandler)


In the Tower: Mark Rothko, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., February 21, 2010–January 2, 2011. (Brochure; text by Harry Cooper)




Rothko: The Late Series, Tate Modern, London, September 26, 2008–February 1, 2009. Traveled to: Kawamura Memorial Museum of Art, Sakura, Japan, February 21–June 14, 2009. (Catalogues)




Mark Rothko, Palazzo delle Esposizioni, Rome, October 6, 2007–January 6, 2008. Traveled to: Kunsthalle der Hypo Kulturstiftung, Munich, February 8–April 27, 2008; Hamburger Kunsthalle, Galerie der Gegenwart, May 16–September 13, 2008. (Catalogue)


Mark Rothko, Tel Aviv Museum, Israel, March 29–June 30, 2007. (Catalogue)




Museum of Contemporary Art’s Mark Rothkos, Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, November 5, 2006–January 21, 2007.


The Art of Mark Rothko: Selections from the National Gallery of Art, Washington, Samsung Museum of Art, Seoul, Korea, June 22–September 10, 2006. (Catalogue)




El Arte de Mark Rothko: Selección de la Galeria Nacional de Arte de Washington, Museo de Arte Moderno de Mexico, Sal Jose Juan Tablada, October 20, 2005–January 8, 2006. (Catalogue)


Mark Rothko: Works on Paper 1930–1969. Galerie Beyeler, Basel, June 7–August 20, 2005. (Catalogue)




Mark Rothko: Parades de Luz / Walls of Light, Guggenheim Bilbao, June 8–October 24, 2004. (Catalogue)


Mark Rothko: A Painter’s Progress, The Year 1949, PaceWildenstein, New York, January 23–February 23, 2004. (Catalogue)




Mark Rothko: 100th Anniversary Since His Birth; Paintings and Works on Paper, The State Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, December 16, 2003–March 8, 2004. (Catalogue)


Mark Rothko: The Mural Projects, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., October 12, 2003, installed indefinitely.


Mark Rothko: A Centennial Celebration, Fondation Beyeler, Basel, September 25, 2003–April 12, 2004. (Catalogue)




Mark Rothko: A Wall of Light, Fondation Beyeler, Basel, September 16, 2002–September 2003.




Mark Rothko Rooms, Fondation Beyeler, Basel, November 24, 2001–September 15, 2002.


Mark Rothko: The Realist Years: Selected Works, PaceWildenstein, New York, October 31, 2001–January 5, 2002. (Catalogue)


Mark Rothko: The Edith Sachar Collection: Paintings and Works on Paper, Joan T. Washburn Gallery, New York, October 25–December 1, 2001. (Catalogue)


Mark Rothko: A Consummated Experience between Picture and Onlooker, Fondation Beyeler, Basel, February 18–April 29, 2001. (Catalogue)




Mark Rothko and the Lure of the Figure: Paintings 1933–1946, University of Michigan Museum of Art, Ann Arbor, December 16, 2000–February 25, 2001. (Catalogue)


Mark Rothko, Fundació Joan Miró, Barcelona, November 25, 2000–January 28, 2001. (Catalogue)




Mark Rothko, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., May 3–August 16, 1998. Traveled to: Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, September 17–November 29, 1998; Musée d’Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, January 8–April 18, 1999. (Catalogue)




Mark Rothko: The Chapel Commission, The Menil Collection, Houston, December 13, 1996–March 29, 1997. (Catalogue)


Mark Rothko in Cornwall, Tate Gallery, St. Ives, England, May 4–November 3, 1996. (Catalogue)




Mark Rothko Retrospective, Kawamura Memorial Museum of Art, Sakura, Japan, September 23–November 5, 1995, Marugame Genichiro–Inokuma Museum of Art, Marugame, November 11–December 24, 1995. Traveled to: Nagoya City Art Museum of Contemporary Art, Nagoya, January 4–February 12, 1996; New Tokyo Metropolitan Art Museum, Tokyo, February 17–March 24, 1996. (Catalogue)


Mark Rothko, Galeria Elvira González, Madrid, January 31–March 11, 1995. (Catalogue)




Paintings by Mark Rothko 1945–1969, University of Michigan Museum of Art, Ann Arbor, March 5–May 8, 1994.


Mark Rothko: The Last Paintings, The Pace Gallery, 32 East 57th Street, New York, February 18–March 19, 1994. (Catalogue)


Rothko’s Early Works, Miriam and Ira D. Wallach Art Gallery, Columbia University, New York, February 2–March 19, 1993.




Mark Rothko: 'Multiforms,' Bilder von 1947–1949, Galerie Daniel Blau, Munich, November 17–25, 1993. (Catalogue)




Mark Rothko, Galerie Beyeler, Basel, November 1990–January 1991. (Catalogue)


Mark Rothko: The Spirit of Myth, Early Paintings From the 1930s and 1940s, Cedar Rapids Museum of Art, Iowa, September 1, 1990–February 10, 1991. Traveled to: Diggs Gallery, Winston Salem State University, North Carolina, March 22–June 30, 1991; Nassau County Art Museum, Roslyn, New York, August 3–November 3, 1991; Telfair Academy of Arts and Sciences, Savannah, Georgia, October 20–December 13, 1992; Payne Gallery, Moravian University, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, January 29–February 28, 1992; Art Museum of South Texas, Corpus Christi, Texas, March 12–May 9, 1993; saline Art Center, Kansas, August 22–October 24, 1993; Wallach Art Gallery, Columbia University, New York, February 1–March 8; 1994; Ball State University Museum of Art, Muncie, Indiana, April 8–May 15, 1994; West Bend Gallery of Fine Arts, Wisconsin, June 6–July 19, 1994; Marsh Gallery, University of Richmond, Virginia, August 12–September 4, 1994; Huntington Museum of Art, West Virginia, September 25–December 5, 1994; University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, January 5–February 26, 1995; San Diego Museum of Art, California, March 18–May 28, 1995; Norton Gallery of Art, West Palm Beach, Florida, October 21–December 17, 1995; Smart Museum of Art, University of Chicago, Illinois, January 18–March 17, 1996; St. John’s Museum of Art, Wilmington, North Carolina, June 20–August 18, 1996; Susquehanna University Gallery, Selinsgrove, Pennsylvania, September 7–October 13 1996; Palm Springs Desert Museum, California, November 9, 1996–January 1997; Hearst Art Gallery, Moraga, California, January 18–March 2, 1997; Sheldon Memorial Art Gallery, Lincoln, Nebraska, April 1–June 8, 1997; Laguna Beach Art Museum, California, June 28–September 7, 1997; Midland Arts Center, Missouri, October 4–November 30, 1997; Tulane University Art Gallery, New Orleans, Louisiana, December 19, 1997–February 20, 1998 (as The Mythmakers: Mark Rothko & Adolph Gottlieb); and Arkansas Art Center, Little Rock, Arkansas, March 19–May 3, 1998. (Brochure)


Mark Rothko: Multiforms, The Pace Gallery, New York, January 12–February 10, 1990. (Catalogue)




Paintings by Mark Rothko, Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, Connecticut, December 2–31, 1989. (Brochure)


Mark Rothko: Kaaba in New York, Kunsthalle Basel, February 19–May 7, 1989. (Catalogue)




Mark Rothko: The Seagram Mural Project, Tate Gallery, Liverpool, May 28, 1988–February 12, 1989. (Catalogue)


Mark Rothko 1903–1970: Retrospective der Gemälde, Museum Ludwig, Cologne, January 3–March 27, 1988. (Catalogue)




Mark Rothko 1903–1970, Tate Gallery, London, June 17–September 1, 1987. Traveled to: Fundación Juan March, Madrid, September 23, 1987–January 3, 1988; Museum Ludwig, Cologne, January 30–March 27, 1988. (Catalogue)




Mark Rothko: The Dark Paintings, 1969–70, The Pace Gallery, New York, March 29–April 27, 1985. (Catalogue)




Mark Rothko: Works on Paper 1925–1970, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., May 6–August 5, 1984. Traveling exhibition organized by the American Federation of Arts and the Mark Rothko Foundation, May 1984–September 1986. (Catalogue)




Mark Rothko: Subjects, High Museum of Art, Atlanta, October 15, 1983–February 26, 1984. (Catalogue)


Mark Rothko: Paintings 1948–1969, The Pace Gallery, 32 East 57th Street, New York, April 1–30, 1983. (Catalogue)


Mark Rothko 1949, A Year In Transition/ Selections from the Mark Rothko Foundation, San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, March 18, 1983–September 16, 1984. (Catalogue)


Mark Rothko: Seven Paintings from the 1960s, Walker Art Center Minneapolis, February 6–March27 1983. (Catalogue)




Mark Rothko, The Surrealist Years, The Pace Gallery, 32 East 57th Street, New York, April 24–May 30, 1981. (Catalogue)




Mark Rothko: The 1958–1959 Murals, The Pace Gallery, New York, October 28–November 25, 1978. (Catalogue)


Mark Rothko 1903–1970: A Retrospective, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, October 27, 1978–January 14, 1979. Traveled to: Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, February 2–April 1, 1979; Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, April 21–June 10, 1979; Los Angeles County Museum of Art, July 3–September 26, 1979. (Catalogue)




A New Acquisition by Mark Rothko, The David and Alfred Smart Gallery, University of Chicago, 1977. (Catalogue)


Mark Rothko: Monstra Didattica, Galleria Civica d’Arte Moderna, Palazzo Te, Mantua, December 1977. (Catalogue)




An Artist Collects: Ulfert Wilke, Selections from Five Continents, University of Iowa Museum of Art, Iowa City. (Catalogue)




10 Major Works: Mark Rothko, Newport Harbor Art Museum, California, January 30–March 10, 1974. (Catalogue)




Salute to Mark Rothko, Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, Connecticut, May 6–June 20, 1971. (Brochure)


Mark Rothko, Kunsthaus Zürich, March 21–May 9, 1971. Traveled to: Staatliche Museen Preussischer Kulturbesitz, Neuw Nationalgalerie, Berlin, May 26–July 19, 1971: Städtische Kunsthalle Düsseldorf, August 24–October 3, 1971; Museums Boymans van Beuningen, Rotterdam, November 20, 1971–January 2, 1972. Traveled in part to: Hayward Gallery, London, February 2–March 12, 1972; Musée National d’Art Moderne, Paris, March 23–May 8, 1972. (Catalogues)


Mark Rothko, Galleria Martano, Turin, March 17–April 20, 1971.


Mark Rothko, Galleria Lorenzelli, Bergamo, Italy, March 1971. (Catalogue)


Mark Rothko, Marlborough Galleria d’Arte, Rome, February 1971. (Catalogue)




Mark Rothko, Galleria Internazionale d’Arte Moderna di Ca'Pesaro, Venice, June 21–October 15, 1970. Traveled to: Marlborough Gallery, New York as Mark Rothko Paintings 1947–1970, November 13–December 5, 1970. (Catalogue)


Mark Rothko 1903–1970, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, March 26–May 31, 1970.




Mark Rothko, Winter 1965–66, Marlborough New London Gallery, London.


Mark Rothko, Galleria Nazionale d’Arte Moderna, Rome, 1965.




Mark Rothko, Marlborough New London Gallery, London, February–March 1964. (Catalogue)




Five Mural Panels Executed for Harvard, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, April 9–June 2, 1963.




Mark Rothko: A Retrospective Exhibition, Paintings 1945–1960, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, January 18–March 12, 1961. Traveled to: Whitechapel Art Gallery, London, October10–November 12, 1961; Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, November 24–December 27, 1961; Palais des Beaux-Arts de Bruxelles, January 6–29, 1962; Kunsthalle Basel, March 3–April 8, 1962, Galleria Nazionale d’Arte Moderna, Rome, April 27–May 20, 1962, Musée d’Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, December 5, 1962–January 13, 1963. (Catalogue)




Paintings by Mark Rothko, The Phillips Collection, Washington D.C., May 4–31, 1960.




New Paintings by Rothko, Sidney Janis Gallery, New York, January 27–February 22, 1958.




Mark Rothko, Contemporary Arts Museum, Houston, September 5–October 6, 1957. (Catalogue)




Mark Rothko, Sidney Janis Gallery, New York, April 11–May 14, 1955.




Recent Paintings by Mark Rothko, The Art Institute of Chicago, October 18–December 31, 1954. Traveled to: Museum of Art, Rhode Island School of Design, Providence as Paintings by Mark Rothko, January 19–February 13, 1955.




Mark Rothko, Betty Parsons Gallery, New York, April 2–21, 1951.




Mark Rothko, Betty Parsons Gallery, New York, January 3–21, 1950.




Mark Rothko: Recent Paintings, Betty Parsons Gallery, New York, March 28–April 16, 1949.




Mark Rothko: Recent Paintings, Betty Parsons Gallery, New York, March 8–27, 1948.




Mark Rothko: Recent Paintings, Betty Parsons Gallery, New York, March 3–22, 1947.




Oils and Watercolors by Mark Rothko, San Francisco Museum of Art, San Francisco, August 16–September 8, 1946. Traveled in part to: The Santa Barbara Museum of Art, September 1946.


Mark Rothko: Watercolors, Mortimer Brandt Gallery, New York, April 22–May 4, 1946.




Mark Rothko Paintings, Art of This Century, New York, January 9–February 4, 1945. (Catalogue)




Valentin-Dudensing Gallery, New York.




An Exhibition of Oils, Water-Colors, Drawings by Marcus Rothkowitz, Contemporary Arts Gallery, New York, November 20–December 9, 1933. (Catalogue)


Museum of Art, Portland, Oregon, Summer, 1933.